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Analogical Reasoning: What Develops? A Review of Research and Theory

Usha Goswami
Child Development
Vol. 62, No. 1 (Feb., 1991), pp. 1-22
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Society for Research in Child Development
DOI: 10.2307/1130701
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1130701
Page Count: 22
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Analogical Reasoning: What Develops? A Review of Research and Theory
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Abstract

Analogical reasoning in children has been measured in 2 ways, either using the classical a:b::c:d item analogy task found on IQ tests, or by asking children to solve target problems after learning about analogous problems and their solutions. Theories based on the 2 kinds of measure are discussed and the evidence for them is assessed. It is concluded that structural views of analogical development, which have traditionally suggested that analogical reasoning is late developing, are wrong. Knowledge-based accounts of what develops are more appealing but cannot completely explain failures on analogical tasks. An account of analogical development that allows early analogical competence but that also postulates the later development of metalogical skills may provide the best account of the data.

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