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Attachment Behavior at Home and in the Laboratory: Q-Sort Observations and Strange Situation Classifications of One-Year-Olds

Brian E. Vaughn and Everett Waters
Child Development
Vol. 61, No. 6 (Dec., 1990), pp. 1965-1973
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Society for Research in Child Development
DOI: 10.2307/1130850
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1130850
Page Count: 9
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Attachment Behavior at Home and in the Laboratory: Q-Sort Observations and Strange Situation Classifications of One-Year-Olds
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Abstract

This article reports Attachment Q-set data and Strange Situation classifications of 58 1-year-old middle-class infants. Security, dependency, and sociability were scored from Q-sort reports of home observations. The primary analyses involve comparisons between securely attached infants (Group B) and anxiously attached infants (Groups A and C combined). Additional analyses compare anxious-resistant with anxious-avoidant infants. Secure classification in the Strange Situation was associated with quality of secure-base behavior at home (i. e., higher Q-sort security scores) and with sociability, but not with dependency scores. Descriptive analyses of individual Q-set items support the secure-base interpretation of Strange Situation security classifications. Relations between home security scores and interactive behavior scores from the Strange Situation were also examined by multiple regression analysis.

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