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Aggressive versus Withdrawn Unpopular Children: Variations in Peer and Self-Perceptions in Multiple Domains

Shelley Hymel, Anne Bowker and Erik Woody
Child Development
Vol. 64, No. 3 (Jun., 1993), pp. 879-896
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Society for Research in Child Development
DOI: 10.2307/1131224
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1131224
Page Count: 18
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Aggressive versus Withdrawn Unpopular Children: Variations in Peer and Self-Perceptions in Multiple Domains
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Abstract

The present study examines whether subgroups of unpopular children differ in terms of competence in multiple domains. Specifically, subgroups of aggressive unpopular, withdrawn unpopular, and aggressive-withdrawn unpopular and average status children were identified on the basis of peer evaluations. The subgroups were then compared in terms of peer and self-perceptions of competence in various nonsocial and social domains. Results indicated that the 3 subgroups of unpopular children exhibited distinct profiles according to peer perceptions, with aggressive-withdrawn unpopular children being viewed as deficient in virtually every area assessed, and aggressive unpopular and withdrawn unpopular children viewed as exhibiting particular strengths and weaknesses across domains. In terms of self-perceptions, results indicated that withdrawn-unpopular children expressed more accurate, but negative self-evaluations, while children in the aggressive subgroups tended to overestimate their competencies.

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