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The First- and Second-Order Factor Structures of Attitudes toward Education

Fred N. Kerlinger
American Educational Research Journal
Vol. 4, No. 3 (May, 1967), pp. 191-205
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1161610
Page Count: 15
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The First- and Second-Order Factor Structures of Attitudes toward Education
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Abstract

To determine the factorial nature of attitudes toward education, a scale with 23 A ("Progressivism") and 23 B ("Traditionalism") items was administered to teachers and graduate education students in New York, North Carolina, and Texas. First-order factor analysis of the item intercorrelations of the New York sample yielded eight factors, five with A-item loadings and three with B-item loadings. The A factors were named "Experimentalism," "Reconstructionism," "Life Adjustment," "Children's Needs," and "Academic Freedom," the B factors "Criticism of the Schools," "Learning as Knowledge Storehouse," and "Educational Conservatism." Second-order analysis yielded two factors with the first-order A factors on one factor and the B factors on the other.

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