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Can Comprehension Be Taught? A Quantitative Synthesis of "Metacognitive" Studies
Eileen P. Haller, David A. Child and Herbert J. Walberg
Vol. 17, No. 9 (Dec., 1988), pp. 5-8
Published by: American Educational Research Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1175040
Page Count: 4
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To assess the effect of "metacognitive" instruction on reading comprehension, 20 studies, with a total student population of 1,553, were compiled and quantitatively synthesized. For 115 effect sizes, or contrasts of experimental and control groups' performance, the mean effect size was .71, which indicates a substantial effect. In this compilation of studies, metacognitive instruction was found particularly effective for junior high students (seventh and eighth grades). Among the metacognitive skills, awareness of textual inconsistency and the use of self-questioning as both a monitoring and a regulating strategy were most effective. Reinforcement was the most effective teaching strategy.
Educational Researcher © 1988 American Educational Research Association