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Sequence-Specific Endonuclease BamHI: Relaxation of Sequence Recognition

Jay George and Jack G. Chirikjian
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 79, No. 8, [Part 1: Biological Sciences] (Apr. 15, 1982), pp. 2432-2436
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/12149
Page Count: 5
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Abstract

The effect of glycerol on the specificity of DNA cleavage by the restriction endonuclease BamHI has been examined. In addition to the canonical -A-T-C-C site, BamHI cuts DNA at several sites that we have named noncanonical BamHI.1 sites. The number of BamHI.1 sites in simian virus 40 and pBR322 was determined to be 13 for each DNA. Cutting sites determined by DNA sequence analysis include G $\downarrow $ G-A-A-C-C, G $\downarrow $ G-C-T-C-C, G $\downarrow $ G-G-T-C-C, and G-A-A-T-C-C with the complementary strand sequence assignments of G-G-T-T-C-C, G-G-A-G-C-C, G-G-A-C-C-C, and G-G-A-T-T-C. The relaxation in specificity was related to hydrogen bond acceptor and donor sites in the recognition sequence, in an attempt to generate a model of BamHI recognition of cognate sites in DNA.

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