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Orthography of Names and Epithets: Latinization of Personal Names

Dan H. Nicolson
Taxon
Vol. 23, No. 4 (Aug., 1974), pp. 549-561
DOI: 10.2307/1218779
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1218779
Page Count: 13
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Abstract

There are two steps to the latinization of personal names: adding -i- to the stem of most names ending in consonants (stem augmentation) and determining the appropriate case ending to be added (inflection). A review of Roman personal nomenclature shows that Romans formed surnames from given names by stem augmentation (adding -i-) before inflection. Latinization of modern names with stem augmentation honors a person by according his name the same treatment originally accorded only to the surnames of patrician and noble Romans. Consideration is given to use of personal names in forming adjectival and substantive epithets and determining the appropriate inflections. A review is made of irregularities of stem modification used by botanists in latinizing personal names, particularly those ending in vowels. Proposals are made for revising Article 73 and Recommendation 73C to give a better organization, to clarify the separate procedures of stem augmentation and inflection, and to remove the example, Verbena hasslerana, which is contrary to botanical usage.

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