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The Arf GTPase-Activating Protein ASAP1 Regulates the Actin Cytoskeleton
Paul A. Randazzo, Josefa Andrade, Koichi Miura, Megan T. Brown, Ya-Qiu Long, Stacey Stauffer, Peter Roller and Jonathan A. Cooper
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 97, No. 8 (Apr. 11, 2000), pp. 4011-4016
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/122100
Page Count: 6
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Ruffles, Physiological regulation, Actins, Focal adhesions, Cytoskeleton, Phosphatidylinositols, Remodeling, Cell motility, GTPase activating proteins, Integrins
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Arf family GTP-binding proteins are best characterized as regulators of membrane traffic, but recent studies indicate an additional role in cytoskeletal organization. An Arf GTPase-activating protein of the centaurin β family, ASAP1 (also known as centaurin β 4), binds Arf and two other known regulators of the actin cytoskeleton, the tyrosine kinase Src and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. In this paper, we show that ASAP1 localizes to focal adhesions and cycles with focal adhesion proteins when cells are stimulated to move. Overexpression of ASAP1 altered the morphology of focal adhesions and blocked both cell spreading and formation of dorsal ruffles induced by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). On the other hand, ASAP1, with a mutation that disrupted GTPase-activating protein activity, had a reduced effect on cell spreading and increased the number of cells forming dorsal ruffles in response to PDGF. These data support a role for an Arf GTPase-activating protein, ASAP1, as a regulator of cytoskeletal remodeling and raise the possibility that the Arf pathway is a target for PDGF signaling.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 2000 National Academy of Sciences