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The Molecular Physiology of Heavy Metal Transport in the Zn/Cd Hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens

Nicole S. Pence, Paul B. Larsen, Stephen D. Ebbs, Deborah L. D. Letham, Mitch M. Lasat, David F. Garvin, David Eide and Leon V. Kochian
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 97, No. 9 (Apr. 25, 2000), pp. 4956-4960
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/122498
Page Count: 5
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Molecular Physiology of Heavy Metal Transport in the Zn/Cd Hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens
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Abstract

An integrated molecular and physiological investigation of the fundamental mechanisms of heavy metal accumulation was conducted in Thlaspi caerulescens, a Zn/Cd-hyperaccumulating plant species. A heavy metal transporter cDNA, ZNT1, was cloned from T. caerulescens through functional complementation in yeast and was shown to mediate high-affinity Zn2+ uptake as well as low-affinity Cd2+ uptake. It was found that this transporter is expressed at very high levels in roots and shoots of the hyperaccumulator. A study of ZNT1 expression and high-affinity Zn2+ uptake in roots of T. caerulescens and in a related nonaccumulator, Thlaspi arvense, showed that alteration in the regulation of ZNT1 gene expression by plant Zn status results in the overexpression of this transporter and in increased Zn influx in roots of the hyperaccumulating Thlaspi species. These findings yield insights into the molecular regulation and control of plant heavy metal and micronutrient accumulation and homeostasis, as well as provide information that will contribute to the advancement of phytoremediation by the future engineering of plants with improved heavy metal uptake and tolerance.

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