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Shifts in Entrepreneurial Functions in Agriculture

Marshall Harris
American Journal of Agricultural Economics
Vol. 51, No. 3 (Aug., 1969), pp. 517-529
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1237906
Page Count: 13
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Shifts in Entrepreneurial Functions in Agriculture
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Abstract

Substantial elements of entrepreneurship in agriculture are being shifted to off-farm firms and government agencies. These shifts involve public programs that control land use and guide its development and that take private land for public purpose. In the private sector, they include substitution of corporate enterprise for family farming, restrictions on freedom of action under credit arrangements, control over tenant-operated farms, direction of management under vertical coordination contracts, and control of farmer cooperatives and bargaining associations over buying and selling. In the future, family farming may be under pressure to meet technological requirements, and corporation farming may offer competition. In the absence of a massive support program, the family farmer may continue to shift elements of entrepreneurship to off-farm firms. An important question is: What is happening to farmer entrepreneurship under the impact of modern technology and urbanization?

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