Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

The Archaeology of Public Health at York, England

P. V. Addyman
World Archaeology
Vol. 21, No. 2, The Archaeology of Public Health (Oct., 1989), pp. 244-264
Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/124911
Page Count: 21
  • Download ($45.00)
  • Cite this Item
The Archaeology of Public Health at York, England
Preview not available

Abstract

Excavations in the last two decades in York, combined with developments in the techniques of environmental archaeology, have enabled studies to be made of the city's layout, housing provision, food and water supply, effluent disposal and environmental conditions over a span of 2,000 years. Excavation of several thousand burials allows an assessment to be made of these and other environmental effects on longevity, robustness, stature, the incidence of disease, stress and trauma. Relatively good provisions and an evident concern for public health matters in the Roman legionary fortress and nearby colonia do not seem to have resulted in exceptional longevity though general health levels seem to have been fair. Quite different environmental conditions appertained in Anglian York, some better (no rats) and some worse. By the Viking Age conditions in York reached an all-time low, the city being a largely organic world sited on a heap of rotting organic debris. Conditions, housing, water supply, rubbish and effluent disposal - and their implications for the physical state and life expectancy of some 2,000 individuals recently excavated from cemeteries - all improve as the Middle Ages proceed.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
[244]
    [244]
  • Thumbnail: Page 
245
    245
  • Thumbnail: Page 
246
    246
  • Thumbnail: Page 
247
    247
  • Thumbnail: Page 
248
    248
  • Thumbnail: Page 
249
    249
  • Thumbnail: Page 
250
    250
  • Thumbnail: Page 
251
    251
  • Thumbnail: Page 
252
    252
  • Thumbnail: Page 
253
    253
  • Thumbnail: Page 
254
    254
  • Thumbnail: Page 
255
    255
  • Thumbnail: Page 
256
    256
  • Thumbnail: Page 
257
    257
  • Thumbnail: Page 
258
    258
  • Thumbnail: Page 
259
    259
  • Thumbnail: Page 
260
    260
  • Thumbnail: Page 
261
    261
  • Thumbnail: Page 
262
    262
  • Thumbnail: Page 
263
    263
  • Thumbnail: Page 
264
    264