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Burgess Shale-Type Preservation of Both Non-Mineralizing and 'Shelly' Cambrian Organisms from the Mackenzie Mountains, Northwestern Canada
N. J. Butterfield and C. J. Nicholas
Journal of Paleontology
Vol. 70, No. 6 (Nov., 1996), pp. 893-899
Published by: Paleontological Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1306492
Page Count: 7
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Lower to Middle Cambrian shales of the Mount Cap Formation in the Mackenzie Mountains, northwestern Canada, host a variety of Burgess Shale-type macrofossils, including anomalocarid claws, several taxa of bivalved arthropod, articulated hyolithids, and articulated chancelloriids. Hydrofluoric acid processing has also yielded a broad range of organic-walled fossils, most of which are derived from forms more typically known as shelly fossils; e.g., trilobites, inarticulate brachiopods, small shelly fossils (SSF), hyolithids, and chancelloriids. Organic-walled hyolithids include conchs, opercula and helens; the proximal articulation of the helens is erosive, suggesting that they were formed "instantaneously" and periodically replaced. Organic-walled chancelloriid sclerites exhibit a polygonal surface texture and an inner "pith" of dark granular material with distally oriented conoidal divisions; such a pattern is similar to that seen in the fibers of some modern horny sponges and points to a poriferan relationship for the chancelloriids. The robust nature but minimal relief of most of these fossils suggests that primary biomineralization was minimal.
Journal of Paleontology © 1996 Paleontological Society