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Environmental and Social Costs of Biomass Energy

D. Pimentel, C. Fried, L. Olson, S. Schmidt, K. Wagner-Johnson, A. Westman, A. Whelan, K. Foglia, P. Poole, T. Klein, R. Sobin and A. Bochner
BioScience
Vol. 34, No. 2 (Feb., 1984), pp. 89-94
DOI: 10.2307/1309567
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1309567
Page Count: 6
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Environmental and Social Costs of Biomass Energy
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Abstract

Biomass could provide as much as 11% of US energy needs by the year 2000; however, serious environmental and socioeconomic problems associated with biomass energy necessitate careful analysis of the benefits and risks. The environmental problems include: conflicts over land and water resources with agricultural and forestry production; increased soil erosion and nutrient loss; plus higher levels of air pollution. Socioeconomic problems include an increase in occupational injuries and illnesses and a rise in land and farm commodity prices.

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