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The Schools of Jurisprudence. Their Places in History and Their Present Alignment

Nathan Isaacs
Harvard Law Review
Vol. 31, No. 3 (Jan., 1918), pp. 373-411
DOI: 10.2307/1327078
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1327078
Page Count: 39
Subjects: Law
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The Schools of Jurisprudence. Their Places in History and Their Present Alignment
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Notes and References

This item contains 103 references.

[Footnotes]
  • 1
    JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY, PSYCHOLOGY, AND SCIENTIFIC METHODS, vol. XI, 348, 1914.
  • 2
    HANNISTAYLOR, THE SCIENCE OF JURISPRUDENCE, 1908.
  • 3
    GUY CARLETON LEE, HISTORICAL JURISPRUDENCE, 1900.
  • 4
    THOMAS ERSKINE HOLLAND, ELEMENTS OF JURISPRUDENCE, 1880, 12 ed., 1917.
  • 5
    SIR FREDERICK POLLOCK, THE METHODS OF JURISPRUDENCE (delivered 1882) in OXFORD LECTURES AND OTHER DISCOURSES, [1890] 24.
  • 6
    WESLEY NEWCOMB HOHEFELD, A VITAL SCHOOL OF JURISPRUDENCE AND LAW, in ASS'N AM. LAW SCHOOLS. PROC., [1914] 76, at page 83.
  • 7
    "Some Fundamental Legal Conceptions as Applied in Judicial Reasoning," 23YALE L. JOUR.16, 26 ib. 710
  • 8
    RUDOLPH VON JHERING, SCHERZ UND ERNST IN DER JURISPRUDENZ, 1885 (9 ed., 1904), 29.
  • 9
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • SIR HENRY SUMNER MAINE, EARLY HISTORY OF INSTITUTIONS, 1875 (7 ed., 1897), 380
    • VILLAGE COMMUNITIES IN THE EAST AND WEST, 1871 (7 ed., 1895), 67
    • EDWIN CHARLES CLARK, PRACTICAL JURISPRUDENCE, 1883, 5, 135
    • EDWARD JENKS, LAW AND POLITICS IN THE MIDDLE AGES, 1897, 2.
    • ib. 3
  • 10
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Roscoe Pound, "The Scope and Purpose of Sociological Jurisprudence," 24 HARV. L. REV.594
    • 25 ib. 147
    • 18YALE L. JOUR. 462
    • 8COLUMBIA L. REV.612.
  • 12
    HISTORY OF THE SCIENCE OF POLITICS, I890 (ed. 1908), 112-17.
  • 13
    23JOURN. POL. SCI.530.
  • 14
    This reference contains 16 citations:
    • THE MODERN LEGAL PHILOSOPHY SERIES, edited by a Committee of the Association of American Law Schools
    • THE CONTINENTAL LEGAL HISTORY SERIES, published under the auspices of the same association
    • THE MODERN CRIMINAL SCIENCE SERIES, published under the auspices of the American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology
    • EVOLUTION OF THE LAW SERIES, compiled by Albert Kocourek and John Henry Wigmore
    • SELECT ESSAYS IN ANGLO-AMERICAN LEGAL HISTORY to the diligence and initiative of Dean Wigmore
    • FRITZ BEROLZHEIMER, THE WORLD'S LEGAL PHILOSOPHIES, translated in 1912, from vol. II
    • SYSTEM DER RECHTS- UND WIRTSCHAFTSPHILOSOPHIE (1904-07)
    • second series, No. 2, on THE GREAT JURISTS OF THE WORLD
    • DENIS CAULFEILD HERON, INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY OF JURISPRUDENCE, 1860.
    • WILLIAM ARCHIBALD DUNNING, POLITICAL THEORIES (ANCIENT AND MEDIAEVAL, 1902
    • FROM LUTHER TO MONTESQUIEU, 1905
    • Professor Pound in the HARV. L. REV. (XXIV, 591
    • XXV, 140, 489
    • XXVII, 195, 605
    • XXX, 201
    • note 1, 24HARV. L. REV.591.
  • 15
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • GABRIEL TARDE, LES TRANSFORMATIONS DU DROIT, 1893 (7 ed., 1912), 185
    • 2 EVOLUTION OF LAW SER. 49.
  • 16
    "The Law and the Law of Change," 65U. OF PA. L. REV.665.
  • 17
    The Law and the Law of Change," 65U. of PA. L. REV.674-79, 748-63.
  • 18
    This reference contains 2 citations:
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  • 19
    This reference contains 2 citations:
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    • HOLLAND, Op. cit. 5.
  • 23
    Roscoe Pound, " Mechanical Jurisprudence," 8COL. L. REV.605 (1908).
  • 24
    SIR FREDERICK POLLOCK, OXFORD LECTURES (1890), 20.
  • 25
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU (1712-78)
    • DISCOURS SUR L'ORIGINE DE L'INÉGALITÉ PARMI LES HOMMES, 1752
    • Du CONTRAT SOCIAL, OU PRINCIPE DU DROIT POLITIQUE, 1762
  • 26
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • GREAT JURISTS, 598
    • KAMPF UMS RECHT, 1872.
  • 27
    GREAT JURISTS, 596.
  • 28
    SIR FREDERICK POLLOCK, HISTORY OF THE SCIENCE OF POLITICS, 1890 (ed. 1908), 100.
  • 29
    SIR JOHN MACDONNELL, in GREAT JURISTS, 599.
  • 30
    Morris R. Cohen, "History vcrsuls Value," JOURN. PHIL., PSY. AND SCI. METHODS, vol. XI, 701, 706.
  • 31
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    • THE LAW OF REAL PROPERTY, 1879, in COLLECTED PAPERS, 1911, vol. I, 162.
    • Ib. vol. III, 488.
  • 32
    "A Plea for the Codification of English Law," IX, in NEW CENTURY REVIEW, vol. XI, 52, 1897.
  • 33
    "The Path of the Law," 10HARV. L. REV.469, 474.
  • 34
    OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES, JR., THE COMMON LAW (1881), 1.
  • 35
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    • PROPOSED CODIFICATION OF OUR COMMON LAW, AM. BAR ASS'N, REPORT, 1884
    • DAVID DUDLEY FIELD, SHORT RESPONSE TO A LONG DISCOURSE
    • PROVINCES OF THE WRITTEN AND THE UNWRITTEN LAW, an address to the Virginia Bar Association, 1889
    • THE IDEAL AND THE ACTUAL IN LAW, 24AM. LAW REV.752
    • AM. BAR ASS'N, REPORT, 1890
    • LAW, ITS ORIGIN, GROWTH, AND FUNCTION, 1907.
  • 36
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • SIR FREDERICK POLLOCK, Introduction to SIR HENRY MAINE'S ANCIENT LAW, 1906
    • ROSCOE POUND, 30HARV. L. REV.209 ff., 1917.
  • 37
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    • VOM BERUF UNSERER ZEIT FÜR GESETZGEBUNG UND RECHTSWISSENSCHAFT, 1814 (ed. 1892)
    • GESCHICHTE DES RÖMISCHEN RECHTS IM MITTELALTER, 1815-51
    • SYSTEM DES HEUTIGEN RÖMISCHEN RECHTS, 1840-49.
  • 38
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    • LEHRBUCH EINES ZIVILISTISCHEN KURSUS, 1792-1821
    • ZIVILISTISCHES MAGAZIN, 1790-1837.
    • Christian Gottlieb Haubold (1766-1824)
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    • FRIED- RICH HARMS (1819-80), BEGRIFF, FORMEN, UND GRUNDLEGUNG DER RECHTSPHILO- SOPHIE
    • EDUARD GANS (1797-1839), DAS ERBRECHT IN WELTGESCHICHTLICHER ENTWICKELUNG (1824-35)
    • VERMISCHTE SCHRIFTEN, 1834.
  • 40
    GRUNDLINIEN DER PHILOSOPHIE DES RECHTS, ODER NATURRECHT UND STAATS- WISSENSCHAFT IM GRUNDRISSE, 1821.
  • 41
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    • SAMUEL VON COCCEJI, SYSTEMA NOVUM JUSTITIAE NATURALIS, SIVE JURA DEI IN HOMINES, ET HOMINUM INTER SE, 1748
    • ELEMENTA JURISPRUDENTIAE NATURALIS ET ROMANAE, 1740.
  • 42
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • GREAT JURISTS, 427
    • Bk. I, ch. 2,3.
  • 43
    ARMAND GASTON CAMUS, PROFESSION D'AVOCAT, vol. II, BIBLIOTHÉQUE CHOISIE DES LIVRES DE DROIT, 1772 (5 ed., DUPIN, ATNE), 1832), 25-27.
  • 44
    Sir Frederick Pollock, JOURN. SOC. COMP. LEGIS., N. S., 1903, No. 1, 81.
  • 45
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    • Sir Frederick Pollock, "The History of the Law of Nature, a Preliminary Study," JOURN. SOC. COMP. LEGIS., vol. II, N. S., 1900, No. 3, 418
    • 1COL. L. REV.11.
    • SIR JOHN MACDONNELL, Introduction to BEROLZHEIMER'S THE WORLD'S LEGAL PHILOSOPHIES, xxxii.
  • 46
    Leibnitz (GREAT JURISTS, 301)
  • 47
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • JOSEF CHARMONT (b. 1859), LA RENAISSANCE DU DROIT NATUREL (1910).
    • ALFRED FOUILLÉE (1838-1912), L'IDÉE MODERNE DU DROIT (1878)
    • Raymond Saleilles. "A host of younger men" we are told in SCIENCE AND LEARNING IN FRANCE, 1917, 154
    • MODERN FRENCH LEGAL PHILOSOPHY (MODERN LEGAL PHILOSOPHY SERIES, No. 7).
  • 48
    GEORGIO DEL VECCHIO, THE FORMAL BASES OF LAW, 1905-08 (MODERN LEGAL PHILOSOPHY SERIES, No. 10).
  • 50
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    • SIR THOMAS MORE (1476-1535), DE OPTIMO REPUBLICAE STATU, DEQUE NOVA INSULA UTOPIA, 1516, Bk. II
    • SIR JOHN FORTESCUE, DE LAUDIBUS LEGUM ANGLIAE
    • POLLOCK, 1COL. L. REV.27.
    • OPUSCULUM DE NATURA LEGIS NATURAE, in WORKS (ed. Clermont, 1869), 63-I84, I87-333.
  • 51
    RICHARD HOOKER, OF THE LAWS OF ECCLESIASTICAL POLITY, circa 1592-1647.
  • 52
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    • DE LEGATIONIBUS, 1585
    • DE JURE BELLI, 1589
    • DE ADVOCATIONE HISPANICA, 1613
    • COLEMAN PHILLIPSON, GREAT JURISTS, 109 ff.
    • Gentilis, in ELEMENTS OF JURISPRUDENCE, ch. III
    • DE JURE BELLI, III, 9: Naturalis ratio, quae est auctorjuris gentium
    • GREAT JURISTS, 119.
  • 53
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • GREAT JURISTS, 165
    • FORTESCUE'S DE LAUDIBUS, ch. XVI
    • GERARD MALYNES, LEX MERCATORIA, 1622.
  • 54
    AN ELEGANT AND LEARNED DISCOURSE OF THE LIGHT OF NATURE, 1652 (ed. Brown, 1857).
  • 55
    DE JURE NATURALI ET GENTIUM JUXTA DISCIPLINAM EBRAEORUM, 1640.
  • 56
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    • RICHARD ZOUCH, JURIS ET JUDICII FECIALIS, SIVE JURIS INTER GENTES ET QUAESTIONUM DE EODEM EXPLICATIO, 1650
    • HERON, 442
    • THOMAS HOBBES, DE CIVE, 1642
    • HUMAN NATURE, OR THE FUNDAMENTAL ELE- MENTS OF POLICY, 1650
    • DE CORPORE POLITICO, 1650
    • LEVIATHAN, OR THE MATTER, FORM AND POWER OF A COMMONWEALTH, ECCLESIASTICAL AND CIVIL, 1651
    • OF LIBERTY AND NECESSITY, 1654.
    • SIR ROBERT WISEMAN, LAW OF LAWS, OR THE EXCELLENCY OF THE CIVIL LAW ABOVE ALL OTHER HUMANE LAWS WHATSOEVER, 1657.
    • RICHARD CUMBERLAND, DE LEGIBUS NATURAE DISQUISITIO PHILOSOPHICA, 1672.
    • JOHN LOCKE, TWO TREATISES ON GOVERNMENT, 1690.
    • JAMES TYRRELL, BRIEF DISQUISITION ON THE LAW OF NATURE (based on CUMBER- LAND), 1692.
    • THOMAS WOOD, A NEW INSTITUTE OF THE IMPERIAL OR CIVIL LAW WITH [comparative] NOTES, 1705
    • INSTITUTE OF THE LAWS OF ENGLAND OR LAWS OF ENGLAND IN THEIR NATURAL ORDER ACCORD- ING TO COMMON USE, 1720
    • T. RUTHERFORTH, INSTITUTES OF NATURAL LAW, 1754-56
    • RICHARD WOODDESSON, ELEMENTS OF JURISPRUDENCE, treated in the preliminary part of a course of lectures on the Laws of England, 1783
    • SYSTEMATICAL VIEW OF THE LAWS OF ENGLAND, as treated of in a course of Vinerian Lectures at Oxford, commencing in I777, 1792-93
    • SIR WILLIAM BLACKSTONE (I723-80), COMMEN- TARIES ON THE LAWS OF ENGLAND, 1765-69, Introduction, § II.
    • Austin is CHARLES JAMES FOSTER'S ELEMENTS OF JURISPRUDENCE, 1853.
    • "Select Essays" in ANGLO-AMERICAN LEGAL HISTORY, I, 418, 437, 451.
    • James Wilson (I742-98), WORKS, . . . including LECTURES AS PROFESSOR OF LAW, I790-92 (eds. I804, 1896, ch. II and III).
  • 57
    RÉFLEXIONS SUR LA POÉTIQUE, § xii.
  • 58
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    • EDWIN CHARLES CLARK, PRACTICAL JURISPRUDENCE, 1883, 3
    • PRINCIPLES AND MAXIMS OF JURISPRUDENCE, 1856.
    • Nathaniel Lindley published AN INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF JURISPRUDENCE, BEING A TRANSLATION OF THE GENERAL PART OF THIBAUT'S SYSTEM DES PANDEKTENRECHTS, 1855.
    • 1853 CHARLES JAMES FOSTER (ELEMENTS OF JURISPRUDENCE, 2)
  • 59
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    • GROTIUS: Jus Naturae est dictatum rectae rationis . . ac consequenter ab Auctore Naturae Deo
    • Canon Law in 65U. OF PA. LAW REV.749.
    • ST. THOMAS AQUINAS (1228-74), SUMMA THEOLOGIAE; DE REGIMINE PRINCIPUM.
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    • 1COL. L. REV.11.
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    • CECIL W. SIDNEY WOOLF, BARTOLUS OF SASSO- FERRATO, HIS POSITION IN THE HISTORY OF MEDIAEVAL POLITICAL THOUGHT, 1913.
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    • VASQUEZ, CONTROVERSIAE ILLUSTRES
    • FRANCIS DE VICTORIA, RELECTIONES THEOLOGICAE, V. DE INDIS, VI
    • DE JURE BELLI; DOMINIC SOTO, DE JUSTITIA ET JURE, 1580
    • FRANCISCUS SUAREZ, DE LEGIBUS AC DEO LEGISLATORE, 1579
    • BALTHAZAR AYALA, DE JURE ET OFFICIIS BELLICIS ET DISCIPLINA MILITARI, 1597.
  • 62
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    • HUGO GROTIUS, DE JURE BELLI ET PACIS, 1625.
    • GREAT JURISTS, 179
    • ib. 180
  • 63
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    • VINNIUS, INSTITUTIONUM IMPERIALIUM COMMENTARIUS, pub. 1665.
    • BARUCH SPINOZA, TRACTATUS THEOLOGICO-POLITICUS, 1670
    • TRACTATUS POLITICUS, 1678
    • CORNELIUS VAN BYNKERSHOEK, DE FORO LEGATORUM, 1702
    • OBSERVATIONES JURIS ROMANI, 1710-33
    • DE DOMINO MARIS, 1721
    • QUAESTIONES JURIS PUBLICI, 1737.
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    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • JEAN BODIN, DE LA RÉPUBLIQUE, 1577
    • JURIS UNIVERSI DISTRIBUTIO, 1591.
  • 65
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Henri François D'Aguesseau, in a series of essays entitled MÉDITATIONS MÉTAPHYSIQUES SUR LES VRAIES OU LES FAUSSES IDÉES DE LA JUSTICE
    • PRINCIPES DU DROIT NATUREL, 1747
    • PRINCIPES DU DROIT POLITIQUE, published posthumously, 1751.
    • EMMERICH DE VATTEL, LE DROIT DES GENS, OU PRINCIPES DE LA LOI NATURELLE APPLIQUÉE À LA CONDUITE ET AUX AFFAIRES, DES NATIONS ET DES SOUVERAINS, 1758 (based on WOLFF).
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    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • GIOVANNI BATTISTA VICO, PRINCIPII D'UNA SCIENZA NUOVA, 1725.
    • DE UNIVERSI JURIS UNO PRINCIPIO ET FINE UNO, 1720.
    • HERON, op. cit. 535-586
  • 67
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • CESARE BONESANO, MARCHESE DI BECCARIA, DEI DELITTI E DELLE PENE, 1764.
    • GAETANO FILANGIERI, LA SCIENZA DELLA LEGISLAZIONE (1780-88).
    • JOHANNIS FR. FINETTI, DE PRINCIPIIS JURIS NATURAE ET GENTIUM, 1777
  • 68
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • SAMUEL VON PUFENDORF, SYSTEMA JURIS NATURAE ET GENTIUM, 1672
    • ELE- MENTA JURISPRUDENTIAE UNIVERSALIS, 1669.
  • 69
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • GOTTFRIED WILHELM VON LEIBNITZ, METHODI NOVAE DISCENDAE DOCEN- DAEQUE JURISPRUDENTIAE, 1667
    • CODEX JURIS GENTIUM DIPLOMATICUS, 1693.
  • 70
    This reference contains 11 citations:
    • SAMUEL RACHEL, DE JURE NATURAE ET GENTIUM DISSERTATIONES DUAE, 1678
    • CHRISTIAN THOMASIUS, FUNDAMENTA JURIS NATURAE ET GENTIUM, EX SENSU COM- MUNI DEDUCTA, 1705-18
    • EPERAIM GERHARD, DELINEATIO JURIS NATURALIS, 1712
    • NICHOLAS JEROME GRUNDLING, VIA AD VERITATEM JURIS NATURAE, 1714-28
    • JUS NATURAE ET GENTIUM, 1728
    • GOTTFRIED ACHENWALL, JUS NATURAE, 1750
    • OBSERVA- TIONES JURIS NATURAE ET GENTIUM, 1750
    • PROLEGOMENA JURIS NATURAE, 1748
    • CHRISTIAN WOLFF, PHILOSOPHIA CIVILIS SIVE POLITICA, 1746
    • JUS GENTIUM, 1749
    • JUS NATURAE METHODO SCIENTIFICA PERTRACTATUM IN DECEM TOMOS DISTRIBUTUM, 1740-47.
  • 72
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    • Adolf Trendelenburg (1802-72)
    • Karl Chr. Fr. Krause (1781-1832)
    • Heinrich Ahrens (1808-74)
    • Karl D. Röder (1806-79)
    • Felix Dahn (b. 1834)
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    • GEORGE HUGH SMITH, THE ELEMENTS OF RIGHT AND OF THE LAW, 1886 (2 ed., 1887).
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    • ib. vol. XII, 141.
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    • 1872 (2ed., 1880).
    • SIR JAMIES MACKINTOSH (1765-1832), DISCOURSE ON THE STUDY OF THE LAW OF NATURE AND NATIONS (delivered 1799)
    • JAMES HUTCHISON STIRLING, LECTURES ON THE PHI- LOSOPHY OF LAW, 1873
    • WILLIAM GALBRAITH MILLER, LECTURES ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF LAW, 1884
    • DATA OF JURISPRUDENCE, 1903
    • W. HASTIE, preface and notes to OUTLINES OF THE SCIENCE OF JURISPRUDENCE, translated from the German of Puchta, Friedlander, Falck, and Ahrens, 1887
    • DAVID GEORGE RITCHIE, NATURAL RIGHTS, A CRITICISM OF SOME POLITICAL AND ETHICAL CONCEPTIONS, 1895
    • WILLIAM ROBERT HERKLESS, LECTURES ON JURISPRUDENCE, OR THE PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL RIGHTS, 1901.
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    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • EARLY HISTORY OF INSTITUTIONS, Lecture XII
    • infra, note 79
  • 75
    AUSTIN, LECTURES II-IV.
  • 76
    ap. note 82.
  • 78
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • HOLTZENDORFF'S ENCYCLOPEDIE (3-5 eds.), translated in SELECT ESSAYS IN ANGLO-AMERICAN LEGAL HISTORY, II, 51
    • POLLOCK, HISTORY OF THE SCIENCE OF POLITICS (ed. 1908), 104, 111.
    • Pollock, " History of ComparativeLaw," JOURN. SOC. COMP. LEGIS., N. S., 1903 (vol. V), No. 1, 85.
  • 79
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • JOHN AUSTIN (1790-1859), PROVINCE OF JURISPRUDENCE DETERMINED, 1832
    • LECTURES ON JURISPRUDENCE, OR THE PHILOSOPHY OF POSITIVE LAW, delivered I828-32, published posthumously, 1861-63.
    • Reform Bill of 1832
    • FIRST BOOK OF JURISPRUDENCE, Vii.
  • 80
    This reference contains 11 citations:
    • THOMAS ERSKINE HOLLAND, ELEMENTS OF JURISPRUDENCE, 1880 (eds. 1882, 1886, 1888, 1890, 1895, 1896, 1900, 1906, 1910, 1917).
    • SIR WILLIAM MARKBY, ELE- MENTS OF LAW CONSIDERED WITH REFERENCE TO PRINCIPLES OF GENERAL JURIS- PRUDENCE, 1871 (6 ed., 1905)
    • SHELDON AMOS, A SYSTEMATIC VIEW OF THE SCIENCE OF JURISPRUDENCE, 1872
    • THE SCIENCE OF LAW, 1874
    • WILLIAM EDWARD HEARN, THE THEORY OF LEGAL DUTIES AND RIGHTS, AN INTRODUCTION TO ANALYTICAL JURISPRUDENCE, 1883
    • HENRY TAYLOR TERRY, SOME LEADING PRINCIPLES OF ANGLO- AMERICAN LAW, EXPOUNDED WITH A VIEW TO ITS ARRANGEMENT AND CODIFICATION, 1884
    • JOHN WILLIAM SALMOND, ESSAYS IN JURISPRUDENCE AND LEGAL HISTORY, 1891
    • FIRST PRINCIPLES OF JURISPRUDENCE, 1893
    • JURISPRUDENCE, OR THEORY OF LAW, 1902 (5 ed., 1916)
    • WILLIAM JETHRO BROWN, THE AUSTINIAN THEORY OF LAW, 1906
    • THE UNDERLYING PRINCIPLES OF MODÉRN LEGISLATION, 1912.
  • 81
    JOHN CHIPMAN GRAY, THE NATURE AND SOURCES OF THE LAW, 1909, § 10.
  • 82
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • MATTHEW HALE, ANALYSIS OF THE LAW, BEING A SCHEME OR ABSTRACTS OF THE SEVERAL TITLES AND PARTITIONS OF THE LAW OF ENGLAND, DIGESTED INTO METHOD, n. d. (ed. 1713 with his HISTORY).
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  • 83
    12 COKE, 63
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    SCIENCE AND LEARNING IN FRANCE, 1917, 155.
  • 85
    DISCOURSE (ed. 1835), 4.
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    • J. A. F. VON ICKSTEDT, ELEMENTA JURIS GENTIUM, 1740
    • DAN NETTELBLADT, SYSTEMA ELEMENTARE UNIVERSAE JURISPRUDENTIAE NATURALIS USUI JURISPRU- DENTIAE POSITIVAE ACCOMMODATUM, 1749
    • ALEXANDER GOTTLIEB BAUMGARTEN, JUS NATURAE, 1765
    • J. A. BACH, HISTORIA JURISPRUDENTIAE ROMANAE, 1754
    • OPUS- CULA AD HISTORIAM ET JURISPRUDENTIAM SPECTANTIA, 1767
    • JOHANN GOTTLIEB HEINECCIUS, ELEMENTA JURIS NATURAE ET GENTIUM, 1738
    • PRAELECTIONES ACA- DEMICAE IN H. GROTII DE JURE BELLI AC PACIS LIBROS, 1744
    • PRAELECTIONES ACADEM. IN SAM. PUFENDORF. DE OFFICIO HOMINIS ET CIVIS, 1742.
    • JACQUES GODEFROY, MANUALE JURIS
    • CODEX THEODOSIANUS, 1655
    • ANTOINE FAVRE, CONJECTURARUM JURIS CIVILIS, 1580
    • RATIONALIA IN PANDECTAS, 1604
    • CODEX FABRIANUS, 1606
    • JEAN DOMAT, LES LOIS CIVILES DANS LEUR ORDRE NATUREL, 1766
    • ROBERT-JOSEPH POTHIER, PANDECTAE JUSTINIANEAE IN NOVUM ORDINEM DIGESTAE, 1748.
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    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • HERON, 526 ff
    • GREAT JURISTS, 297.
  • 88
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • OPERA, IV, 254
    • MACKINTOSH, DISCOURSE (ed. 1835), 20.
  • 89
    HERON, 256
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    • (Nos. 1998-2011) on DROIT ROMAIN CONFERE AVEC LE DROIT FRANgAIS NOUVEAU
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    • CHRISTOPHER SAINT GERMAN, DIALOGUS DE FUNDAMENTIS LEGUM ANGLIAE ET DE CONSCIENTIA (DOCTOR AND STU- DENT), 1523
    • WILLIAM FULBECKE, A PARALLEL OF THE CIVIL, CANON AND COMMON LAW, 1602
    • THOMAS WOOD, A NEW INSTITUTE OF THE IMPERIAL OR CIVIL LAW WITH NOTES SHOWING . . . HOW THE CANON LAW, THE LAWS OF ENGLAND AND THE LAWS AND CUSTOMS OF OTHER NATIONS DIFFER FROM IT, 1704 (4 ed., 1730).
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    note 58, supra.
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    Sir Frederick Pollock, " The History of Comparative Jurisprudence," JOURN. SOC. COMP. LEGIS., N. S., 1903, No. 1, 74-89.
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    • Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., "The Path of the Law," 10HARV. L. REV.474.
    • Roscoe Pound in 30HARV. L. REV.219 if. (1917).
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    • KOHLER, ENCYKLOPEDIE, 6 ed., 1902, 17-18
    • POLLOCK, in JOURN. SOC. COMP. LEGIS., N. S., 1903, No. 1, 76.
    • KOHLER, EVOLUTION OF LAW, translated in Evolution of Law Series, vol. II, 3-9.
    • PHILOSOPHY OF LAW (MODERN LEGAL PHILOSOPHY SERIES, No. 12), 11
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    PHILOSOPHY OF LAW, 196.
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    • LEHRBUCH DES BÜRGERLICHEN RECHTS NACH DEM BÜRGERLICHEN GESETZBUCHE (1904-06)
    • LEHR- BUCH DER RECHTSPHILOSOPHIE (1909)
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    • CAMUS, PROFESSION D'AVOCAT, vol. II (5 ed., 1832).
    • TOULLIERS, LE DROIT CIVIL FRANÇAIS, SUIVANT L'ORDRE DU CODE
    • OUVRAGE DANS LEQUEL ON A TACHÉ DE RÉUNIR LA THÉORIE À LA PRATIQUE, 1811.
    • A. DURANTON, COURS DE DROIT FRANÇAIS SUIVANT LE CODE CIVIL, 1828-32
    • L'HERBETTE, DISCOURS SUR LES CAUSES DE LA STAGNATION DE LA SCIENCE DU DROIT EN FRANCE, printed with his INTRODUCTION À L'ÉTUDE PHILOSOPHIQUE DU DROIT, 1819.
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    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Robert- Ludlow Fowler, 27HARV. L. REV.718
    • "The New Philosophies of Law," page 720
    • 27HARV. L. REV.
  • 103
    Felix Frankfurter, "Hours of Labor and Realism in Constitutional Law," 29HARV. L. REV.353 (1916).
  • 104
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • PHILOSOPHY OF LAW (1909, Eng. tr. 1914)
    • BEROLZHEIMER, 258.
  • 105
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • FIRST INSTITUTE, I, 280
    • BERNARD W. KELLEY, A SHORT HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH BAR, 1908, 51 ff.
  • 106
    Van Ness v. Pacard, 2 Pet. 144 (1829).
  • 107
    John Henry Wigmore, "Nova Methodus Discendae Docendaeque Jurispru- dentiae," 30HARV. L. REV.812 (1917).
  • 108
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Association of American Law Schools, REPORT, 1902
    • Joseph Henry Beale, 45
    • REPORT, 1903, 23, Simeon Eben Baldwin
    • THE CASE METHOD IN AMERICAN LAW SCHOOLS (1914)
    • Ass'n of Am. Law Schools in 1915, REPORT, 1915, 77 ff.
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    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • REPORTS OF THE AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION, vol. XXXI, 1012-27, and 1091-1119
    • REPORTS OF THE ASS'N OF AM. LAW SCHOOLS, 1907, 82
    • 4ILL. L. REV.11
    • 21HARV. L. REV.92
    • 24 ib. 6.
  • 110
    Ass'n Am. Law Schools, REPORT, 1915, 34-47.
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    • Prof. Ernst Freund has taken the lead in this work: "The Interpretation of Statutes," 65U. OF PA. L. REV.207 (1916)
    • A COURSE IN STATUTES, Ass'n of Am. Law Schools, REPORT, 1916, 160-165.
    • THE SCIENCE OF LEGAL METHOD (MODERN LEGAL PHILOSOPHY SERIES, No. 9), 1917.
  • 112
    HOLLAND, op. cit. ch. I