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The Schools of Jurisprudence. Their Places in History and Their Present Alignment

Nathan Isaacs
Harvard Law Review
Vol. 31, No. 3 (Jan., 1918), pp. 373-411
DOI: 10.2307/1327078
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1327078
Page Count: 39
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Notes and References

This item contains 103 references.

[Footnotes]
  • 1
    JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY, PSYCHOLOGY, AND SCIENTIFIC METHODS, vol. XI, 348, 1914.
  • 2
    HANNISTAYLOR, THE SCIENCE OF JURISPRUDENCE, 1908.
  • 3
    GUY CARLETON LEE, HISTORICAL JURISPRUDENCE, 1900.
  • 4
    THOMAS ERSKINE HOLLAND, ELEMENTS OF JURISPRUDENCE, 1880, 12 ed., 1917.
  • 5
    SIR FREDERICK POLLOCK, THE METHODS OF JURISPRUDENCE (delivered 1882) in OXFORD LECTURES AND OTHER DISCOURSES, [1890] 24.
  • 6
    WESLEY NEWCOMB HOHEFELD, A VITAL SCHOOL OF JURISPRUDENCE AND LAW, in ASS'N AM. LAW SCHOOLS. PROC., [1914] 76, at page 83.
  • 7
    "Some Fundamental Legal Conceptions as Applied in Judicial Reasoning," 23YALE L. JOUR.16, 26 ib. 710
  • 8
    RUDOLPH VON JHERING, SCHERZ UND ERNST IN DER JURISPRUDENZ, 1885 (9 ed., 1904), 29.
  • 9
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • SIR HENRY SUMNER MAINE, EARLY HISTORY OF INSTITUTIONS, 1875 (7 ed., 1897), 380
    • VILLAGE COMMUNITIES IN THE EAST AND WEST, 1871 (7 ed., 1895), 67
    • EDWIN CHARLES CLARK, PRACTICAL JURISPRUDENCE, 1883, 5, 135
    • EDWARD JENKS, LAW AND POLITICS IN THE MIDDLE AGES, 1897, 2.
    • ib. 3
  • 10
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Roscoe Pound, "The Scope and Purpose of Sociological Jurisprudence," 24 HARV. L. REV.594
    • 25 ib. 147
    • 18YALE L. JOUR. 462
    • 8COLUMBIA L. REV.612.
  • 12
    HISTORY OF THE SCIENCE OF POLITICS, I890 (ed. 1908), 112-17.
  • 13
    23JOURN. POL. SCI.530.
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    • THE CONTINENTAL LEGAL HISTORY SERIES, published under the auspices of the same association
    • THE MODERN CRIMINAL SCIENCE SERIES, published under the auspices of the American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology
    • EVOLUTION OF THE LAW SERIES, compiled by Albert Kocourek and John Henry Wigmore
    • SELECT ESSAYS IN ANGLO-AMERICAN LEGAL HISTORY to the diligence and initiative of Dean Wigmore
    • FRITZ BEROLZHEIMER, THE WORLD'S LEGAL PHILOSOPHIES, translated in 1912, from vol. II
    • SYSTEM DER RECHTS- UND WIRTSCHAFTSPHILOSOPHIE (1904-07)
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    • WILLIAM ARCHIBALD DUNNING, POLITICAL THEORIES (ANCIENT AND MEDIAEVAL, 1902
    • FROM LUTHER TO MONTESQUIEU, 1905
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    • XXVII, 195, 605
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  • 19
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  • 23
    Roscoe Pound, " Mechanical Jurisprudence," 8COL. L. REV.605 (1908).
  • 24
    SIR FREDERICK POLLOCK, OXFORD LECTURES (1890), 20.
  • 25
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  • 26
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  • 27
    GREAT JURISTS, 596.
  • 28
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  • 29
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  • 30
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    • Ib. vol. III, 488.
  • 32
    "A Plea for the Codification of English Law," IX, in NEW CENTURY REVIEW, vol. XI, 52, 1897.
  • 33
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  • 34
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    • DAVID DUDLEY FIELD, SHORT RESPONSE TO A LONG DISCOURSE
    • PROVINCES OF THE WRITTEN AND THE UNWRITTEN LAW, an address to the Virginia Bar Association, 1889
    • THE IDEAL AND THE ACTUAL IN LAW, 24AM. LAW REV.752
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    • VERMISCHTE SCHRIFTEN, 1834.
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    GRUNDLINIEN DER PHILOSOPHIE DES RECHTS, ODER NATURRECHT UND STAATS- WISSENSCHAFT IM GRUNDRISSE, 1821.
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    • SAMUEL VON COCCEJI, SYSTEMA NOVUM JUSTITIAE NATURALIS, SIVE JURA DEI IN HOMINES, ET HOMINUM INTER SE, 1748
    • ELEMENTA JURISPRUDENTIAE NATURALIS ET ROMANAE, 1740.
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  • 43
    ARMAND GASTON CAMUS, PROFESSION D'AVOCAT, vol. II, BIBLIOTHÉQUE CHOISIE DES LIVRES DE DROIT, 1772 (5 ed., DUPIN, ATNE), 1832), 25-27.
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    Sir Frederick Pollock, JOURN. SOC. COMP. LEGIS., N. S., 1903, No. 1, 81.
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    • 1COL. L. REV.11.
    • SIR JOHN MACDONNELL, Introduction to BEROLZHEIMER'S THE WORLD'S LEGAL PHILOSOPHIES, xxxii.
  • 46
    Leibnitz (GREAT JURISTS, 301)
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    • JOSEF CHARMONT (b. 1859), LA RENAISSANCE DU DROIT NATUREL (1910).
    • ALFRED FOUILLÉE (1838-1912), L'IDÉE MODERNE DU DROIT (1878)
    • Raymond Saleilles. "A host of younger men" we are told in SCIENCE AND LEARNING IN FRANCE, 1917, 154
    • MODERN FRENCH LEGAL PHILOSOPHY (MODERN LEGAL PHILOSOPHY SERIES, No. 7).
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    GEORGIO DEL VECCHIO, THE FORMAL BASES OF LAW, 1905-08 (MODERN LEGAL PHILOSOPHY SERIES, No. 10).
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    • SIR JOHN FORTESCUE, DE LAUDIBUS LEGUM ANGLIAE
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    RICHARD HOOKER, OF THE LAWS OF ECCLESIASTICAL POLITY, circa 1592-1647.
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    • DE JURE BELLI, 1589
    • DE ADVOCATIONE HISPANICA, 1613
    • COLEMAN PHILLIPSON, GREAT JURISTS, 109 ff.
    • Gentilis, in ELEMENTS OF JURISPRUDENCE, ch. III
    • DE JURE BELLI, III, 9: Naturalis ratio, quae est auctorjuris gentium
    • GREAT JURISTS, 119.
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    • FORTESCUE'S DE LAUDIBUS, ch. XVI
    • GERARD MALYNES, LEX MERCATORIA, 1622.
  • 54
    AN ELEGANT AND LEARNED DISCOURSE OF THE LIGHT OF NATURE, 1652 (ed. Brown, 1857).
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    DE JURE NATURALI ET GENTIUM JUXTA DISCIPLINAM EBRAEORUM, 1640.
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    • HERON, 442
    • THOMAS HOBBES, DE CIVE, 1642
    • HUMAN NATURE, OR THE FUNDAMENTAL ELE- MENTS OF POLICY, 1650
    • DE CORPORE POLITICO, 1650
    • LEVIATHAN, OR THE MATTER, FORM AND POWER OF A COMMONWEALTH, ECCLESIASTICAL AND CIVIL, 1651
    • OF LIBERTY AND NECESSITY, 1654.
    • SIR ROBERT WISEMAN, LAW OF LAWS, OR THE EXCELLENCY OF THE CIVIL LAW ABOVE ALL OTHER HUMANE LAWS WHATSOEVER, 1657.
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    • JOHN LOCKE, TWO TREATISES ON GOVERNMENT, 1690.
    • JAMES TYRRELL, BRIEF DISQUISITION ON THE LAW OF NATURE (based on CUMBER- LAND), 1692.
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    • SIR WILLIAM BLACKSTONE (I723-80), COMMEN- TARIES ON THE LAWS OF ENGLAND, 1765-69, Introduction, § II.
    • Austin is CHARLES JAMES FOSTER'S ELEMENTS OF JURISPRUDENCE, 1853.
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    RÉFLEXIONS SUR LA POÉTIQUE, § xii.
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    • PRINCIPLES AND MAXIMS OF JURISPRUDENCE, 1856.
    • Nathaniel Lindley published AN INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF JURISPRUDENCE, BEING A TRANSLATION OF THE GENERAL PART OF THIBAUT'S SYSTEM DES PANDEKTENRECHTS, 1855.
    • 1853 CHARLES JAMES FOSTER (ELEMENTS OF JURISPRUDENCE, 2)
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    • FRANCIS DE VICTORIA, RELECTIONES THEOLOGICAE, V. DE INDIS, VI
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    • FRANCISCUS SUAREZ, DE LEGIBUS AC DEO LEGISLATORE, 1579
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    • EMMERICH DE VATTEL, LE DROIT DES GENS, OU PRINCIPES DE LA LOI NATURELLE APPLIQUÉE À LA CONDUITE ET AUX AFFAIRES, DES NATIONS ET DES SOUVERAINS, 1758 (based on WOLFF).
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    • DE UNIVERSI JURIS UNO PRINCIPIO ET FINE UNO, 1720.
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    • GAETANO FILANGIERI, LA SCIENZA DELLA LEGISLAZIONE (1780-88).
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    • ELE- MENTA JURISPRUDENTIAE UNIVERSALIS, 1669.
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    • GOTTFRIED WILHELM VON LEIBNITZ, METHODI NOVAE DISCENDAE DOCEN- DAEQUE JURISPRUDENTIAE, 1667
    • CODEX JURIS GENTIUM DIPLOMATICUS, 1693.
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    • SAMUEL RACHEL, DE JURE NATURAE ET GENTIUM DISSERTATIONES DUAE, 1678
    • CHRISTIAN THOMASIUS, FUNDAMENTA JURIS NATURAE ET GENTIUM, EX SENSU COM- MUNI DEDUCTA, 1705-18
    • EPERAIM GERHARD, DELINEATIO JURIS NATURALIS, 1712
    • NICHOLAS JEROME GRUNDLING, VIA AD VERITATEM JURIS NATURAE, 1714-28
    • JUS NATURAE ET GENTIUM, 1728
    • GOTTFRIED ACHENWALL, JUS NATURAE, 1750
    • OBSERVA- TIONES JURIS NATURAE ET GENTIUM, 1750
    • PROLEGOMENA JURIS NATURAE, 1748
    • CHRISTIAN WOLFF, PHILOSOPHIA CIVILIS SIVE POLITICA, 1746
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    • WILLIAM GALBRAITH MILLER, LECTURES ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF LAW, 1884
    • DATA OF JURISPRUDENCE, 1903
    • W. HASTIE, preface and notes to OUTLINES OF THE SCIENCE OF JURISPRUDENCE, translated from the German of Puchta, Friedlander, Falck, and Ahrens, 1887
    • DAVID GEORGE RITCHIE, NATURAL RIGHTS, A CRITICISM OF SOME POLITICAL AND ETHICAL CONCEPTIONS, 1895
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    AUSTIN, LECTURES II-IV.
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    • POLLOCK, HISTORY OF THE SCIENCE OF POLITICS (ed. 1908), 104, 111.
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    • LECTURES ON JURISPRUDENCE, OR THE PHILOSOPHY OF POSITIVE LAW, delivered I828-32, published posthumously, 1861-63.
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    • SIR WILLIAM MARKBY, ELE- MENTS OF LAW CONSIDERED WITH REFERENCE TO PRINCIPLES OF GENERAL JURIS- PRUDENCE, 1871 (6 ed., 1905)
    • SHELDON AMOS, A SYSTEMATIC VIEW OF THE SCIENCE OF JURISPRUDENCE, 1872
    • THE SCIENCE OF LAW, 1874
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    • JURISPRUDENCE, OR THEORY OF LAW, 1902 (5 ed., 1916)
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    JOHN CHIPMAN GRAY, THE NATURE AND SOURCES OF THE LAW, 1909, § 10.
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    12 COKE, 63
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    DISCOURSE (ed. 1835), 4.
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    • DAN NETTELBLADT, SYSTEMA ELEMENTARE UNIVERSAE JURISPRUDENTIAE NATURALIS USUI JURISPRU- DENTIAE POSITIVAE ACCOMMODATUM, 1749
    • ALEXANDER GOTTLIEB BAUMGARTEN, JUS NATURAE, 1765
    • J. A. BACH, HISTORIA JURISPRUDENTIAE ROMANAE, 1754
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    • PRAELECTIONES ACA- DEMICAE IN H. GROTII DE JURE BELLI AC PACIS LIBROS, 1744
    • PRAELECTIONES ACADEM. IN SAM. PUFENDORF. DE OFFICIO HOMINIS ET CIVIS, 1742.
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    • JEAN DOMAT, LES LOIS CIVILES DANS LEUR ORDRE NATUREL, 1766
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    • GREAT JURISTS, 297.
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    • MACKINTOSH, DISCOURSE (ed. 1835), 20.
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    HERON, 256
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    • THOMAS WOOD, A NEW INSTITUTE OF THE IMPERIAL OR CIVIL LAW WITH NOTES SHOWING . . . HOW THE CANON LAW, THE LAWS OF ENGLAND AND THE LAWS AND CUSTOMS OF OTHER NATIONS DIFFER FROM IT, 1704 (4 ed., 1730).
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    note 58, supra.
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    Sir Frederick Pollock, " The History of Comparative Jurisprudence," JOURN. SOC. COMP. LEGIS., N. S., 1903, No. 1, 74-89.
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    • Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., "The Path of the Law," 10HARV. L. REV.474.
    • Roscoe Pound in 30HARV. L. REV.219 if. (1917).
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    • KOHLER, ENCYKLOPEDIE, 6 ed., 1902, 17-18
    • POLLOCK, in JOURN. SOC. COMP. LEGIS., N. S., 1903, No. 1, 76.
    • KOHLER, EVOLUTION OF LAW, translated in Evolution of Law Series, vol. II, 3-9.
    • PHILOSOPHY OF LAW (MODERN LEGAL PHILOSOPHY SERIES, No. 12), 11
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    PHILOSOPHY OF LAW, 196.
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    • LEHRBUCH DES BÜRGERLICHEN RECHTS NACH DEM BÜRGERLICHEN GESETZBUCHE (1904-06)
    • LEHR- BUCH DER RECHTSPHILOSOPHIE (1909)
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    • CAMUS, PROFESSION D'AVOCAT, vol. II (5 ed., 1832).
    • TOULLIERS, LE DROIT CIVIL FRANÇAIS, SUIVANT L'ORDRE DU CODE
    • OUVRAGE DANS LEQUEL ON A TACHÉ DE RÉUNIR LA THÉORIE À LA PRATIQUE, 1811.
    • A. DURANTON, COURS DE DROIT FRANÇAIS SUIVANT LE CODE CIVIL, 1828-32
    • L'HERBETTE, DISCOURS SUR LES CAUSES DE LA STAGNATION DE LA SCIENCE DU DROIT EN FRANCE, printed with his INTRODUCTION À L'ÉTUDE PHILOSOPHIQUE DU DROIT, 1819.
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    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Robert- Ludlow Fowler, 27HARV. L. REV.718
    • "The New Philosophies of Law," page 720
    • 27HARV. L. REV.
  • 103
    Felix Frankfurter, "Hours of Labor and Realism in Constitutional Law," 29HARV. L. REV.353 (1916).
  • 104
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • PHILOSOPHY OF LAW (1909, Eng. tr. 1914)
    • BEROLZHEIMER, 258.
  • 105
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • FIRST INSTITUTE, I, 280
    • BERNARD W. KELLEY, A SHORT HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH BAR, 1908, 51 ff.
  • 106
    Van Ness v. Pacard, 2 Pet. 144 (1829).
  • 107
    John Henry Wigmore, "Nova Methodus Discendae Docendaeque Jurispru- dentiae," 30HARV. L. REV.812 (1917).
  • 108
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Association of American Law Schools, REPORT, 1902
    • Joseph Henry Beale, 45
    • REPORT, 1903, 23, Simeon Eben Baldwin
    • THE CASE METHOD IN AMERICAN LAW SCHOOLS (1914)
    • Ass'n of Am. Law Schools in 1915, REPORT, 1915, 77 ff.
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    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • REPORTS OF THE AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION, vol. XXXI, 1012-27, and 1091-1119
    • REPORTS OF THE ASS'N OF AM. LAW SCHOOLS, 1907, 82
    • 4ILL. L. REV.11
    • 21HARV. L. REV.92
    • 24 ib. 6.
  • 110
    Ass'n Am. Law Schools, REPORT, 1915, 34-47.
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    • Prof. Ernst Freund has taken the lead in this work: "The Interpretation of Statutes," 65U. OF PA. L. REV.207 (1916)
    • A COURSE IN STATUTES, Ass'n of Am. Law Schools, REPORT, 1916, 160-165.
    • THE SCIENCE OF LEGAL METHOD (MODERN LEGAL PHILOSOPHY SERIES, No. 9), 1917.
  • 112
    HOLLAND, op. cit. ch. I