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The Rural-Urban Income Profile of Uganda

Meredith Scovill and Jean M. Due
Illinois Agricultural Economics
Vol. 17, No. 2 (Jul., 1977), pp. 28-33
DOI: 10.2307/1348958
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1348958
Page Count: 6
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The Rural-Urban Income Profile of Uganda
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Abstract

The current concerns of development economists include the rate of rural-to-urban migration in Africa, which is occurring in spite of limited urban employment opportunities. Research indicates that the expectation of higher incomes is an important factor in the migration decision. Lacking family income data for Uganda, the authors used graduated personal tax data to estimate rural and urban incomes by districts for 1972. The average urban incomes thus estimated were five times the average rural incomes. The ratios for Tanzania and Zambia were 6 to 1 and 4 to 1, respectively. Given such rural-urban disparities, one would expect migration to accelerate in the next decade unless positive steps are taken to improve rural living conditions.

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