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Sample Preparation for Analyzing Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzofurans in Sediment by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
Yulin L. Tan, Ada Kong and Yue-on Chiu
Vol. 16, No. 3, Part A: Dedicated Issue: Trace Contaminants and Nutrients in Estuaries: Symposium Papers from the Eleventh Biennial International Estuarine Research Conference (Sep., 1993), pp. 427-432
Published by: Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1352590
Page Count: 6
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A sample preparation technique was developed to isolate and separate two classes of combustion-produced pollutants: three- to six-ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/F), from sediment samples for interference-free analyses by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The method involves soxhlet extraction with methylene chloride, sulfur removal with activated copper powder, gel filtration chromatography with Sephadex LH-20, polarity separations of PAH and PCDD/F with prepacked silica gel solid-phase extraction columns, and isolation of PCDD/F from polychlorinated biphenyls with microalumina columns. Stringent procedural controls were established to achieve clean isolations and recoveries of 70% or better for each step in the method. The prepared sample extracts were analyzed by capillary GC and GC/MS. Electron impact ionization was used for PAH, and negative chemical ionization with methane as a reagent gas was used for PCDD/F. Reproducible results were obtained. The method is simple and has the advantage of conserving sample consumption since two classes of compounds can be analyzed from the same sample. This can be critical in sediment core analyses where sample size is usually limited.
Estuaries © 1993 Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation