You are not currently logged in.
Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:
If You Use a Screen ReaderThis content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Vocalizations of the Purple Martin
Charles R. Brown
Vol. 86, No. 4 (Nov., 1984), pp. 433-442
Published by: American Ornithological Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1366823
Page Count: 10
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Preview not available
Ten types of vocalizations of Purple Martins (Progne subis) from Texas and Arizona were described and compared. Solitary-nesting martins in Arizona did not possess greater vocal repertoire sizes than martins nesting colonially in Texas, which suggests that vocal repertoires are not evolutionarily plastic and have not changed with recent shifts toward coloniality in Texas birds. Some vocalizations differed markedly in structure between these populations, documenting for the first time, geographical vocal variation in the Hirundinidae. A re-examination of subspecific affinities of Purple Martins in Arizona seems warranted on the basis of voice; birds in mountain forests have vocalizations similar to those of birds in deserts, and both differ from the eastern nominate race. Purple Martins possess a greater vocal repertoire than do more colonial swallows, probably because historically they have been largely solitary and lacked acoustical constraints on the evolution of vocal repertoires.
The Condor © 1984 Cooper Ornithological Society