Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If You Use a Screen Reader

This content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.

Time and Energy Constraints on Courtship in Wintering American Black Ducks

Lynn M. Brodsky and Patrick J. Weatherhead
The Condor
Vol. 87, No. 1 (Feb., 1985), pp. 33-36
DOI: 10.2307/1367128
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1367128
Page Count: 4
  • Read Online (Free)
  • Download ($12.00)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Time and Energy Constraints on Courtship in Wintering American Black Ducks
Preview not available

Abstract

Courtship in wintering American Black Ducks (Anas rubripes) was studied at three sites that differed substantially in food supply. Courtship started earlier and occupied more of the ducks' time at the site where food was most nutritious. Ducks at the site with intermediate food quality only began courting after temperatures rose sufficiently to reduce their energetic costs of maintenance. Ducks with the least nutritious food began courting latest and spent the least amount of time in this activity. The seasonal sequence of courtship displays used by the courting ducks was similar between sites. This suggests that ducks with the best food (i.e., those starting courtship first) reached the peak of courtship activity earliest and thus should have been best prepared for breeding in the spring. Consequently, the northern limit to winter ranges in species with early pairing may be determined, in part, by the availability of sufficient food for early courtship.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
33
    33
  • Thumbnail: Page 
34
    34
  • Thumbnail: Page 
35
    35
  • Thumbnail: Page 
36
    36