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Acoustics of White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Larry W. Richardson, Harry A. Jacobson, Robert J. Muncy and Carroll J. Perkins
Journal of Mammalogy
Vol. 64, No. 2 (May, 1983), pp. 245-252
Published by: American Society of Mammalogists
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1380554
Page Count: 8
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Fawns, Deer, Sound pitch, Gender discrimination, Siblings, Acoustics, Sound, Phonetics, Juveniles, Personal hygiene
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Eight stereotypic sounds of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) are distinguished: 1) bleat, 2) distress call, 3) nursing whine, 4) grunt, 5) alert-snort, 6) footstomp, 7) snortwheeze, and 8) aggressive snort. Only the grunt was associated with both dominant-subordinate and cohesive behavior. The grunt, alert-snort, footstomp, snort-wheeze, and aggressive snort originated from yearling and older deer. The nursing whine was heard only from fawns, and the bleat was emitted only by fawns and juveniles. The distress call was made by both sexes of juveniles and adults. Twelve voice parameters, expressing unique phonetic qualities of distress calls from 10 neonatal fawns, allowed significant discrimination of individual fawns, sibling pairs, and between sex and weight.
Journal of Mammalogy © 1983 American Society of Mammalogists