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Religiosity and Femininity: Do Women Really Hold a More Positive Attitude toward Christianity?

Leslie J. Francis and Carolyn Wilcox
Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion
Vol. 37, No. 3 (Sep., 1998), pp. 462-469
DOI: 10.2307/1388053
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1388053
Page Count: 8
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Religiosity and Femininity: Do Women Really Hold a More Positive Attitude toward Christianity?
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Abstract

Two samples of adolescents, comprising 340 males and 347 females between the ages of 13 and 15 years, and 59 males and 233 females between the ages of 16 and 18 years completed the Bem Sex Role Inventory together with the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity. The vast majority of subjects in both samples were from white Anglo-Saxon backgrounds. Among both age groups, females recorded a more positive attitude toward Christianity than males. At the same time there was a positive correlation between femininity and attitude toward Christianity among both age groups. Multiple regression analysis indicated that among the older group individual differences in gender orientation explained all the variance in attitude toward Christianity between males and females. Among the younger age group, sex still explained additional variance in attitude toward Christianity after taking gender orientation into account.

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