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Status Characteristics and Performance: An Assessment of Their Effects on Acceptance of Influence

Leslie Margolin, James C. Kimberly and Hugh P. Whitt
Sociological Perspectives
Vol. 35, No. 3 (Autumn, 1992), pp. 451-473
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc.
DOI: 10.2307/1389329
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1389329
Page Count: 23
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Status Characteristics and Performance: An Assessment of Their Effects on Acceptance of Influence
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Abstract

According to the theory of status characteristics, both status characteristics and performance information are combined to arrive at a single evaluation of the group member (combining). In this paper, an alternative formulation is proposed which maintains that status characteristics are used as a means of forming evaluations of group members only when members do not have access to performance information. When such information is available, it is used in arriving at an evaluation for the person (balancing). Empirical assessment of these positions indicates that combining occurs when status characteristics and performance information are consistent and that balancing occurs when status characteristics and performance information are inconsistent. Implications for the empirical scope of the theory of status characteristics are considered.

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