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Choosing between the Sample-Selection Model and the Multi-Part Model

Naihua Duan, Willard G. Manning, Jr., Carl N. Morris and Joseph P. Newhouse
Journal of Business & Economic Statistics
Vol. 2, No. 3 (Jul., 1984), pp. 283-289
DOI: 10.2307/1391711
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1391711
Page Count: 7
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Choosing between the Sample-Selection Model and the Multi-Part Model
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Abstract

Hay and Olsen (1984) incorrectly argue that a multi-part model, the two-part model used in Duan et al. (1982,1983), is nested within the sample-selection model. Their proof relies on an unmentioned restrictive assumption that cannot be satisfied. We provide a counterexample to show that the propensity to use medical care and the level of expense can be positively associated in the two-part model, contrary to their assertion. The conditional specification in the multi-part model is preferable to the unconditional specification in the selection model for modeling actual (v. potential) outcomes. The selection model also has poor statistical and numerical properties and relies on untestable assumptions. Empirically the multi-part estimators perform as well as or better than the sample selection estimator for the data set analyzed in Duan et al. (1982, 1983).

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