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Psychopathy and Recidivism among Female Inmates

Randall T. Salekin, Richard Rogers, Karen L. Ustad and Kenneth W. Sewell
Law and Human Behavior
Vol. 22, No. 1, Gender and the Law (Feb., 1998), pp. 109-128
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1393998
Page Count: 20
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Psychopathy and Recidivism among Female Inmates
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Abstract

Despite a plethora of studies investigating psychopathy among male offenders, little is known about the applicability of this construct to female populations. Research has shown that prevalence rate, symptom presentation, and diagnostic comorbidity differ for females as compared to males. The current study is the first to examine the relationship between psychopathy and recidivism among women. Recidivism data on a sample of 78 female inmates were examined at a 1-year interval in relation to the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), inclusion criteria for the Antisocial Personality Disorder Diagnosis from the Personality Disorder Examination (PDE), and selected scales from the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Antisocial and Aggression scales). The egocentricity subscale of the PAI, Factor 1 of the PCL-R, and the verbal aggression subscale of the PAI were the best predictors of future recidivism. Specific differences emerged between male and female offenders when comparing the present data with previous studies of male psychopaths.

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