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Randomized Response: A Data-Gathering Device for Sensitive Questions

D. G. Horvitz, B. G. Greenberg and J. R. Abernathy
International Statistical Review / Revue Internationale de Statistique
Vol. 44, No. 2 (Aug., 1976), pp. 181-196
DOI: 10.2307/1403276
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1403276
Page Count: 16
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Randomized Response: A Data-Gathering Device for Sensitive Questions
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Abstract

The primary purpose of this paper is to present a comprehensive review of a data-gathering device which was first introduced exactly ten years ago by Stanley L. Warner. This technique, known as randomized response, provides the researcher with an opportunity to reduce, if not eliminate, the response biases which usually occur when respondents in human population surveys are questioned about highly personal matters. Cooperation and honest answers to sensitive questions are expected with the randomized response technique since it does, in fact, protect the privacy of the respondent. In this paper the range and scope of the technique will be illustrated by discussing the highlights of various measurement designs that have been proposed. Finally, some applications will be presented. /// Le premier objet de cet article est de présenter uns étude exhaustive sur un moyen de collecte des données qui fut appliqué pour la première fois il y a dix ans par Stanley L. Warner. Cette technique, connue sous le nom de réponse randomisée permet aux chercheurs de réduire, sinon de supprimer, les biais des réponses qui apparaissent habituellement lorsqu'au cours d'une enquête sur la population humaine, l'on pose des questions très personnelles. Cette technique doit permettre une meilleure coopération et des réponses sincères aux questions délicates car elle protège en fait, la vie privée de l'individu qui est enquêté. La portée de cette technique sera illustrée dans cet article, par une discussion des principaux points des méthodes de mesure qui ont été proposées. Pour terminer, on présentera quelques applications pratiques.

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