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Uses, Abuses and Misuses of Significance Tests in the Scientific Community: Won't the Bayesian Choice Be Unavoidable?

Bruno Lecoutre, Marie-Paule Lecoutre and Jacques Poitevineau
International Statistical Review / Revue Internationale de Statistique
Vol. 69, No. 3 (Dec., 2001), pp. 399-417
DOI: 10.2307/1403453
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1403453
Page Count: 19
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Uses, Abuses and Misuses of Significance Tests in the Scientific Community: Won't the Bayesian Choice Be Unavoidable?
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Abstract

The current context of the "significance test controversy" is first briefly discussed. Then experimental studies about the use of null hypothesis significance tests by scientific researchers and applied statisticians are presented. The misuses of these tests are reconsidered as judgmental adjustments revealing researchers' requirements towards statistical inference. Lastly alternative methods are considered. Consequently we automatically ask ourselves "won't the Bayesian choice be unavoidable?" /// Nous discutons d'abord brièvement le contexte actuel de la "controverse sur le test de signification". Puis nous présentons des recherches expérimentales sur l'usage des tests de signification de l'hypothèse nulle par des chercheurs scientifiques et des statisticiens professionnels. Les mauvais usages de ces tests sont reconsidérés comme des jugements adaptatifs, qui révèlent les exigences des chercheurs envers l'inférence statistique. Finalement nous envisageons les solutions de rechange. Nous en venons naturellement à poser la question: "le choix bayésien ne sera-t-il pas incontournable?"

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