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Catholic Nuns and Ojibwa Shamans: Pauline and Fleur in Louise Erdrich's "Tracks"

Michelle R. Hessler
Wicazo Sa Review
Vol. 11, No. 1 (Spring, 1995), pp. 40-45
DOI: 10.2307/1409041
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1409041
Page Count: 6
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Catholic Nuns and Ojibwa Shamans: Pauline and Fleur in Louise Erdrich's "Tracks"
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Notes and References

This item contains 16 references.

End Notes
  • Gregory Scott Camp, THE TURTLE MOUNTAIN PLAINS-CHIPPEWVA AND METIS, 1797-1935 (Ann Arbor, MI: UMI, 1987)
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Gerald Vizenor, THE PEOPLE NAMED THE CHIPPEWVA (Minneapolis, MN: U of Minnesota P, 1984), pp. 13-14
    • Frederic Baraga, A DICTIONARY OF THE OJIBIVAY LANGUAGE (St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1992)
  • 3
    Louise Erdrich. TRACKS (New Vork: Harper, 1988), p. 14
  • 4
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Harold Hickerson, THE CHIPPEWA AND THEIR NEIGHBORS: A STUDY IN ETHNOHISTORY (New York: Holt, 1970)
    • William W. Warren, HISTORY OF THE 0JIBWAY NATION (Minneapolis: Ross & Haines, 1957)
    • Christopher T. Vecsey, TRADITIONAL OJIBWE RELIGION AND ITS HISTORICAL CHANGES Philadelphia: American Philosophical Soc., 1983), pp.74-75
  • This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Warren, pp.34-35
    • Frances Densmore, CHIPPEWA CUSTOMS (St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society, 1979), pp.9-10
  • 6
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Vecsey, pp. 60-62
    • Densmore, pp. 78-83
  • 7
    Vecsey, pp. 59-62
  • This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Dennis Tedlock and Barbara Tedlock, eds., TEACHINGS FROM THE AMERICAN EARTH: INDIAN RELIGION ANL) PHILOSOPHY (New York: Liveright, 1975), pp. 160-61
    • Sam D. Gill,. NATIVE AMERICAN RELIGIONS: AN INTRODUCTION. (Belmont. CA: Wadsworth 1982), p.121
  • 9
    Rev. Peter Jones (Kahkewaquonaby), HISTORY OF THE OJEBWAY INDIANS; WMITH ESPECIAL REFERENCE TO THEIR CONVERSION TO CHRISTIANITY (London: A.W. Bennet, 1861), p. 145.
  • 10
    Tedlock, p. 163
  • 11
    Rev. Lawrence G. Lovasik, S.V.D., BLESSED KATERI TEKAKWITH: THE LILY OF THE MOHAWKS (New York: Catholic Book Publishing Co., 1981 ), pp. 2-31
  • 12
    Virgil J. Vogel, AMERICAN INDIAN MEDICINE (Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1970)
  • 13
    Vecsey,63-65
  • 15
    Matt. 4: 1-11
  • 16
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Matt 6:28-29
    • HOLY BIBLE, NEW KING JAMES VERSION (National Publishing Co.. 1985)
  • 17
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Henry E. Fritz, THE MOVEMENT FOR INDIAN ASSIMILATION: 1860-1890. (Philadelphia: u of Permylvania P, 1963)
    • Basil H. Johnston, INDIAN SCHOOL DAYS, (Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1989)
    • Francis Paul Prucha, THE CHURCHES AND THE INDIAN SCHOOLS: 1~88-1912, (Lincoln: u of Nebraska P, 1979)
    • Judith Rosenblatt, ed. INDIANS IN MINNESOTA. 4th ed., (Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 198s)
    • Mary Jane Schneider.NORTH DAKOTA INDIANS: AN INTRODUCTION, (Dubuque. IA: Kendall/ Hunt. 1994)