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The Sensations of the Alimentary Canal

Edwin Garrigues Boring
The American Journal of Psychology
Vol. 26, No. 1 (Jan., 1915), pp. 1-57
DOI: 10.2307/1412877
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1412877
Page Count: 58
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The Sensations of the Alimentary Canal
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Notes and References

This item contains 47 references.

[Footnotes]
  • 2
    Weber, E. H., Der Tastsinn und das Gemeingefühl, Wagner's Handwörterbuch der Physiologie, 1846, III, 562ff.
  • 3
    Lennander, K. G., Ueber die Sensibilität der Bauchhöhle und über lokale und allgemeine Anästhesie bei Bruch- und Bauchopererationen, Centralbl. f. Chir., 28, 1901.
  • 4
    Meumann, E., Zur Frage der Sensibilität der inneren Organe, Arch. f. d. ges. Psychol., 9, 1907, 26ff.
  • 5
    Becher, E., Ueber die Sensibilität der inneren Organe, Zeitschrift f. Psychol., 49, 1908, 341ff.
  • 6
    Weiteres zur Frage der Sensibilität der inneren Organe und der Bedeutung der Organempfindungen, Arch. f. d. ges. Psychol., 14, 1909, 279ff.
  • 7
    Hertz, A. F., Cook, F., and Schlesinger, E. G., The Sensibility of the Stomach and Intestines in Man, Jour. Physiol., 37, 1908, 481ff.
  • 8
    Head, H., Rivers, W. H. R., and Sherren, J., The Afferent Nervous System from a New Aspect, Brain, 28, 1905, 99ff.
  • 9
    Einige Bemerkungen über die Sensibilität der inneren Organe, Arch. f. d. ges. Psychol., 15, 1909, 356ff.
  • 10
    Ritter, C., Zur Frage der Sensibilität der Bauchorgane, Centralbl. f. Chir., 35, 1908, 609ff.
  • 11
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Kast, L. and Meltzer, S. J., On the Sensibility of the Abdominal Organs and the Influence of the Injections of Cocain upon It, Med. Rec., 70, 1906, 1017ff
    • Die Sensibilität der Bauchorgane, Mitteilung. a. d. Grenzgeb. d. Med. u. Chir., 19, 1909, 586ff
  • 12
    Weiteres zur Frage der Sensibilität der inneren Organe, und der Bedeutung der Organempfindungen, Arch. f. d. ges. Psychol., 16, 1909, 228ff.
  • 13
    Hertz, A. F., The Sensibility of the Alimentary Canal, 1911.
  • 14
    Mitchell, J. F., Sensibility of the Peritoneum and Abdominal Vis- cera, Jour. Am. Med. Asso., 57, 1911, 709ff.
  • 15
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Sternberg, W., Der Hunger, Zentralbl. f. Physiol., 23, 1900, 105ff
    • Der Appetit in der experimentellen Physiologie und in der klinischen Pathologie, ibid., 23, 1909, 305ff
    • Physiologische Psychologie des Ap- petites, Zeitschr. f. Sinnesphysiol., 44, 1910, 254ff
    • Die Physiologische Grundlage des Hungersgefühls, ibid., 45, 1910, 71ff
    • Der Appetit in der exakten Medizin, ibid., 45, 1911, 91ff
    • Das Appetitproblem in der Physiologie und in der Psychologie, Zeitschr. f. Psychol., 59, 1911, 91ff
  • 16
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Turró, R., Die physiologische Psychologie des Hungers, Zeitschr. f. Sinnesphysiol., 44, 1910, 330ff
    • 45, 1911, 217ff, 327ff
    • Psychophysi- ologie de la faim, Jour. de psychol., 7, 1910, 289ff, 409ff
    • 8, 1911, 332ff, 417ff
  • 17
    Cannon, W. B., A Consideration of the Nature of Hunger, Pop. Sci. Mo., 81, 1912, 291ff.
  • 18
    Cannon, W. B., and Washburn, A. L., An Explanation of Hunger, Am. Jour. Physiol., 29, 1912, 441ff.
  • 19
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Carlson, A. J., Contributions to the Physiology of the Stomach, ibid., 31, 1913, 151ff, 175ff, 212ff, 318ff
    • 32, 1913, 245ff, 369ff
    • The Relation between the Contractions of the Empty Stomach and the Sensation of Hunger, 31, 1913, 175ff
  • 20
    Neumann, A., Ueber die Sensibilität der inneren Organe, Centralbl. f. d. Grenzgeb. d. Med. u. Chir., 13, 1910, 401ff, 449ff, 481ff, 529ff, 573ff, 617ff, 656ff, 696ff.
  • 21
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Becher, Zeitschrift, 49, 348
    • Hertz, op. cit., 5
  • 22
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Becher, Zeitschrift, 49, 350
    • Hertz, op. cit., 16
  • 23
    Martin, E. G., The Measurement of Induction Shocks, 1912, 88f
  • 24
    No. 1901 of Catalogue 20, 1908.
  • 25
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Kronecker, H., Ueber die Ermüdung und Erholung der Muskeln, Arbeiten aus der physiol. Anstalt z. Leipzig, 1871, 186
    • Martin, op. cit., 16ff
  • 26
    Titchener, E. B., Experimental Psychology, vol. ii, pt. i, 1905, 153ff
  • 27
    Becher, however, did use unipolar stimulation with the whole arm immersed in water. He thought that, since he had proved the sen- sibility of the esophagus, there was but little doubt that the sensations originated there. Zeitschrift, 49, 352.
  • 29
    Zeitschrift, 49, 349f.
  • 30
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Op. cit., 483
    • Hertz, op. cit., 6
  • 33
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Hertz (op. cit., 16)
    • p. 3
    • Becher (Zeitschrift, 49, 351)
  • 34
    Hertz, op. cit., 17
  • 36
    Zeitschrift, 49, 352.
  • 36
    Zeitschrift, 49, 352.
  • 37
    P. 351.
  • 38
    P. 352.
  • 39
    Op. cit., 6.
  • 40
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Archiv, 14, 288f.
    • Archiv, 15, 358f.
  • 41
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Becher (Zeitschrift, 49, 350)
    • Hertz, Cook, and Schlesinger (op. cit., 483)
    • Hertz (op. cit., 7)
    • p. 9
  • 42
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Hertz states that the stomach is insensitive to tactile stimula- tion (op. cit., 3)
    • p. 19
    • Becher, however, insists that the stomach is insensitive to pressure and that the sensation of fulness is due to expansion of the body-wall (Zeitschrift, 49, 356f.)
    • Meumann speaks of "eine charakteristische Empfindung von Fülle und Druck im Magen" (Archiv, 9, 52f.)
    • Archiv, 14, 292, 295)
    • Archiv, 9, 152)
  • 43
    Becher reports that the stomach is insensitive to electrical stimu- lation (Zeitschrift, 49, 356).
  • 44
    Meumann has already maintained that with palpation one may come to localize the stomachic sensations very definitely (Archiv, 9, 52).
  • 45
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Gray, H., Anatomy, Descriptive and Applied (Spitzka), 1913, 1005)
    • v. Elischer, J., Ueber eine Methode zur Röntgenuntersuchung des Magens, Fortschr. a. d. Geb. d. Röntgenstrahlen, 18, 1912, 333ff
  • 46
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Hertz, Cook, and Schlesinger do not find the stomach sensitive to HCl (op. cit., 486)
    • Becher mentions several experimenters who obtained sensory responses with fairly strong solutions (Archiv, 15, 365f.)
  • 47
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Cannon and Washburn, op. cit.
    • Carlson, opp. citt.)
  • 48
    Meumann's description (Archiv, 14, 293f.)
  • 49
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Weber, E. H., Der Tastsinn und das Gemeingefühl, Wagner's Hand- wörterbuch der Physiologie, iii, 562ff.)
    • Hertz, Cook, and Schlesinger (op. cit., 485)
    • op. cit., 112)
    • Becher observes that intestinal cold is felt, but localized in the anterior abdominal wall (Archiv, 15, 375f.)
    • Meumann insists on the general sensitivity of the intestines, but does not directly consider thermal sensibility (Archiv, 14, 310)
  • 51
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Becher (Archiv, 15, 373f.)
    • Hertz (op. cit., 28ff.)
  • 52
    Becher's description of electrical stimulation within the rectum is similar to the present one. He finds dull shock sensations at 20 cm. and bright sensations at the anus (Archiv, 15, 374f.)