The Sensations of the Alimentary Canal

Edwin Garrigues Boring
The American Journal of Psychology
Vol. 26, No. 1 (Jan., 1915), pp. 1-57
DOI: 10.2307/1412877
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1412877
Page Count: 58
  • Download PDF
  • Cite this Item

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

The Sensations of the Alimentary Canal
We're having trouble loading this content. Download PDF instead.

Notes and References

This item contains 47 references.

[Footnotes]
  • 2
    Weber, E. H., Der Tastsinn und das Gemeingefühl, Wagner's Handwörterbuch der Physiologie, 1846, III, 562ff.
  • 3
    Lennander, K. G., Ueber die Sensibilität der Bauchhöhle und über lokale und allgemeine Anästhesie bei Bruch- und Bauchopererationen, Centralbl. f. Chir., 28, 1901.
  • 4
    Meumann, E., Zur Frage der Sensibilität der inneren Organe, Arch. f. d. ges. Psychol., 9, 1907, 26ff.
  • 5
    Becher, E., Ueber die Sensibilität der inneren Organe, Zeitschrift f. Psychol., 49, 1908, 341ff.
  • 6
    Weiteres zur Frage der Sensibilität der inneren Organe und der Bedeutung der Organempfindungen, Arch. f. d. ges. Psychol., 14, 1909, 279ff.
  • 7
    Hertz, A. F., Cook, F., and Schlesinger, E. G., The Sensibility of the Stomach and Intestines in Man, Jour. Physiol., 37, 1908, 481ff.
  • 8
    Head, H., Rivers, W. H. R., and Sherren, J., The Afferent Nervous System from a New Aspect, Brain, 28, 1905, 99ff.
  • 9
    Einige Bemerkungen über die Sensibilität der inneren Organe, Arch. f. d. ges. Psychol., 15, 1909, 356ff.
  • 10
    Ritter, C., Zur Frage der Sensibilität der Bauchorgane, Centralbl. f. Chir., 35, 1908, 609ff.
  • 11
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Kast, L. and Meltzer, S. J., On the Sensibility of the Abdominal Organs and the Influence of the Injections of Cocain upon It, Med. Rec., 70, 1906, 1017ff
    • Die Sensibilität der Bauchorgane, Mitteilung. a. d. Grenzgeb. d. Med. u. Chir., 19, 1909, 586ff
  • 12
    Weiteres zur Frage der Sensibilität der inneren Organe, und der Bedeutung der Organempfindungen, Arch. f. d. ges. Psychol., 16, 1909, 228ff.
  • 13
    Hertz, A. F., The Sensibility of the Alimentary Canal, 1911.
  • 14
    Mitchell, J. F., Sensibility of the Peritoneum and Abdominal Vis- cera, Jour. Am. Med. Asso., 57, 1911, 709ff.
  • 15
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Sternberg, W., Der Hunger, Zentralbl. f. Physiol., 23, 1900, 105ff
    • Der Appetit in der experimentellen Physiologie und in der klinischen Pathologie, ibid., 23, 1909, 305ff
    • Physiologische Psychologie des Ap- petites, Zeitschr. f. Sinnesphysiol., 44, 1910, 254ff
    • Die Physiologische Grundlage des Hungersgefühls, ibid., 45, 1910, 71ff
    • Der Appetit in der exakten Medizin, ibid., 45, 1911, 91ff
    • Das Appetitproblem in der Physiologie und in der Psychologie, Zeitschr. f. Psychol., 59, 1911, 91ff
  • 16
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Turró, R., Die physiologische Psychologie des Hungers, Zeitschr. f. Sinnesphysiol., 44, 1910, 330ff
    • 45, 1911, 217ff, 327ff
    • Psychophysi- ologie de la faim, Jour. de psychol., 7, 1910, 289ff, 409ff
    • 8, 1911, 332ff, 417ff
  • 17
    Cannon, W. B., A Consideration of the Nature of Hunger, Pop. Sci. Mo., 81, 1912, 291ff.
  • 18
    Cannon, W. B., and Washburn, A. L., An Explanation of Hunger, Am. Jour. Physiol., 29, 1912, 441ff.
  • 19
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Carlson, A. J., Contributions to the Physiology of the Stomach, ibid., 31, 1913, 151ff, 175ff, 212ff, 318ff
    • 32, 1913, 245ff, 369ff
    • The Relation between the Contractions of the Empty Stomach and the Sensation of Hunger, 31, 1913, 175ff
  • 20
    Neumann, A., Ueber die Sensibilität der inneren Organe, Centralbl. f. d. Grenzgeb. d. Med. u. Chir., 13, 1910, 401ff, 449ff, 481ff, 529ff, 573ff, 617ff, 656ff, 696ff.
  • 21
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Becher, Zeitschrift, 49, 348
    • Hertz, op. cit., 5
  • 22
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Becher, Zeitschrift, 49, 350
    • Hertz, op. cit., 16
  • 23
    Martin, E. G., The Measurement of Induction Shocks, 1912, 88f
  • 24
    No. 1901 of Catalogue 20, 1908.
  • 25
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Kronecker, H., Ueber die Ermüdung und Erholung der Muskeln, Arbeiten aus der physiol. Anstalt z. Leipzig, 1871, 186
    • Martin, op. cit., 16ff
  • 26
    Titchener, E. B., Experimental Psychology, vol. ii, pt. i, 1905, 153ff
  • 27
    Becher, however, did use unipolar stimulation with the whole arm immersed in water. He thought that, since he had proved the sen- sibility of the esophagus, there was but little doubt that the sensations originated there. Zeitschrift, 49, 352.
  • 29
    Zeitschrift, 49, 349f.
  • 30
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Op. cit., 483
    • Hertz, op. cit., 6
  • 33
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Hertz (op. cit., 16)
    • p. 3
    • Becher (Zeitschrift, 49, 351)
  • 34
    Hertz, op. cit., 17
  • 36
    Zeitschrift, 49, 352.
  • 36
    Zeitschrift, 49, 352.
  • 37
    P. 351.
  • 38
    P. 352.
  • 39
    Op. cit., 6.
  • 40
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Archiv, 14, 288f.
    • Archiv, 15, 358f.
  • 41
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Becher (Zeitschrift, 49, 350)
    • Hertz, Cook, and Schlesinger (op. cit., 483)
    • Hertz (op. cit., 7)
    • p. 9
  • 42
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Hertz states that the stomach is insensitive to tactile stimula- tion (op. cit., 3)
    • p. 19
    • Becher, however, insists that the stomach is insensitive to pressure and that the sensation of fulness is due to expansion of the body-wall (Zeitschrift, 49, 356f.)
    • Meumann speaks of "eine charakteristische Empfindung von Fülle und Druck im Magen" (Archiv, 9, 52f.)
    • Archiv, 14, 292, 295)
    • Archiv, 9, 152)
  • 43
    Becher reports that the stomach is insensitive to electrical stimu- lation (Zeitschrift, 49, 356).
  • 44
    Meumann has already maintained that with palpation one may come to localize the stomachic sensations very definitely (Archiv, 9, 52).
  • 45
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Gray, H., Anatomy, Descriptive and Applied (Spitzka), 1913, 1005)
    • v. Elischer, J., Ueber eine Methode zur Röntgenuntersuchung des Magens, Fortschr. a. d. Geb. d. Röntgenstrahlen, 18, 1912, 333ff
  • 46
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Hertz, Cook, and Schlesinger do not find the stomach sensitive to HCl (op. cit., 486)
    • Becher mentions several experimenters who obtained sensory responses with fairly strong solutions (Archiv, 15, 365f.)
  • 47
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Cannon and Washburn, op. cit.
    • Carlson, opp. citt.)
  • 48
    Meumann's description (Archiv, 14, 293f.)
  • 49
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Weber, E. H., Der Tastsinn und das Gemeingefühl, Wagner's Hand- wörterbuch der Physiologie, iii, 562ff.)
    • Hertz, Cook, and Schlesinger (op. cit., 485)
    • op. cit., 112)
    • Becher observes that intestinal cold is felt, but localized in the anterior abdominal wall (Archiv, 15, 375f.)
    • Meumann insists on the general sensitivity of the intestines, but does not directly consider thermal sensibility (Archiv, 14, 310)
  • 51
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Becher (Archiv, 15, 373f.)
    • Hertz (op. cit., 28ff.)
  • 52
    Becher's description of electrical stimulation within the rectum is similar to the present one. He finds dull shock sensations at 20 cm. and bright sensations at the anus (Archiv, 15, 374f.)