Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support

Long-Term Retention and the Spacing Effect in Free-Recall and Frequency Judgments

John J. Shaughnessy
The American Journal of Psychology
Vol. 90, No. 4 (Dec., 1977), pp. 587-598
DOI: 10.2307/1421733
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1421733
Page Count: 12
  • Read Online (Free)
  • Download ($18.00)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support
Long-Term Retention and the Spacing Effect in Free-Recall and Frequency Judgments
Preview not available

Abstract

In 2 experiments undergraduate students were presented with a long list of words in which items were repeated varying numbers of times according to either a massed presentation (MP) schedule or a distributed presentation (DP) schedule. Following list presentation, subjects were given either a frequency-judgment test (Experiment I) or a free-recall test (Experiment II). In both experiments, the retention test was given either immediately after or 24 hours after list presentation. As expected, on the immediate test MP items were judged to have occurred less frequently and they were recalled more poorly than DP items. On the delayed frequency judgment test, the spacing effect was slightly (though not significantly) smaller, and these results were considered to be consistent with the prevailing notion that MP items are more poorly registered in memory. The results of the delayed free-recall test, however, were less consistent with this explanation in that there was no difference in the recall of twice-presented MP and DP items.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
587
    587
  • Thumbnail: Page 
588
    588
  • Thumbnail: Page 
589
    589
  • Thumbnail: Page 
590
    590
  • Thumbnail: Page 
591
    591
  • Thumbnail: Page 
592
    592
  • Thumbnail: Page 
593
    593
  • Thumbnail: Page 
594
    594
  • Thumbnail: Page 
595
    595
  • Thumbnail: Page 
596
    596
  • Thumbnail: Page 
597
    597
  • Thumbnail: Page 
598
    598