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Children's Memory for Picture versus Word Responses in Paired Associates: Recall and Recognition Tests

M. J. Homzie, Elizabeth J. Noyes and Eugene A. Lovelace
The American Journal of Psychology
Vol. 86, No. 3 (Sep., 1973), pp. 567-577
DOI: 10.2307/1421942
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1421942
Page Count: 11
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Children's Memory for Picture versus Word Responses in Paired Associates: Recall and Recognition Tests
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Abstract

The 96 second-graders each had three study/test trials with picture/picture or picture/word associates. With a recall test, the traditional finding that word responses are better recalled was replicated; with a four-alternative recognition task, there was no difference in retention of picture or word responses (except on the first trial, where pictures were superior to words); and with a modified recognition test, picture responses were better recalled. Children apparently do have difficulty decoding visual images to verbal representations, but the nature of the memory task itself is a critical factor in tests of that effect.

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