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Cue-Target Compatibility in Children's Cued Recall
Margaret H. Cooper and Slater E. Newman
The American Journal of Psychology
Vol. 100, No. 2 (Summer, 1987), pp. 167-178
Published by: University of Illinois Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1422401
Page Count: 12
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Children, Memory retrieval, Child psychology, Memory, Reading tests, Covariance, Pictorial representation, Mental objects, Grade levels, Experimental psychology
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First, third, and fifth graders (N = 432) were exposed to a list of to-be-recalled (TBR) items presented visually as words or objects, or auditorily as words. The children were then tested for cued (visual word, visual object, or auditory word) or free recall. Recall to appropriate, associatively related retrieval cues (stringent scoring) was affected by the type (word or object) of TBR item and by both the type and the modality (visual or auditory) of the retrieval cue. When recall was scored independently of correct matching with retrieval cues (lenient scoring), only the type of the TBR item affected recall. Contrary to expectation, recall was not facilitated when the TBR items matched their cues in item type or in modality of presentation.
The American Journal of Psychology © 1987 University of Illinois Press