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Cue-Target Compatibility in Children's Cued Recall

Margaret H. Cooper and Slater E. Newman
The American Journal of Psychology
Vol. 100, No. 2 (Summer, 1987), pp. 167-178
DOI: 10.2307/1422401
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1422401
Page Count: 12
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Cue-Target Compatibility in Children's Cued Recall
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Abstract

First, third, and fifth graders (N = 432) were exposed to a list of to-be-recalled (TBR) items presented visually as words or objects, or auditorily as words. The children were then tested for cued (visual word, visual object, or auditory word) or free recall. Recall to appropriate, associatively related retrieval cues (stringent scoring) was affected by the type (word or object) of TBR item and by both the type and the modality (visual or auditory) of the retrieval cue. When recall was scored independently of correct matching with retrieval cues (lenient scoring), only the type of the TBR item affected recall. Contrary to expectation, recall was not facilitated when the TBR items matched their cues in item type or in modality of presentation.

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