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Agonistic Sequences and the Assessment of Opponents in Male Betta splendens
Paul M. Bronstein
The American Journal of Psychology
Vol. 96, No. 2 (Summer, 1983), pp. 163-177
Published by: University of Illinois Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1422809
Page Count: 15
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Three studies showed that the style of attack in Siamese fighting fish depended upon the duration of conspecific visual stimulation. Intense stimulation led some males to engage in long-duration attacks directed at the conspecific image, and it led other males to escape the site of stimulation. Relatively intermittent stimulation produced brief attack followed by escape. These agonistic patterns appear to be components of an opponent-assessment strategy, and these findings contradict a conclusion emerging from an operant analysis of bettas' aggression. These studies also support Hinde's account (1981) of intraspecific communication in agonistic encounters.
The American Journal of Psychology © 1983 University of Illinois Press