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Effiquity: A Comparison of a Measure of Efficiency with an Entropic Measure of the Equality of Discrete Spatial Distributions

Gary L. Gaile
Economic Geography
Vol. 53, No. 3 (Jul., 1977), pp. 265-282
Published by: Clark University
DOI: 10.2307/143192
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/143192
Page Count: 18
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Abstract

Efficiency and equality are generally recognized to be the two major goals of regional policy. This paper considers a quantitive comparison of these two goals. After a brief review of the social history of the concept of equality, a variety of quantitative equality indices are presented. A measure of spatial equality using statistical relative entropy is modified for use in the planning context and demonstrated. The various equality indices are then compared. The measure of relative entropic equality is compared and combined with a measure of efficiency-the combination being called effiquity. Finally, the accommodation of effiquity to the planning process is investigated in terms of the evaluation of plan performance and the specification of planning goals.

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