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School Desegregation, "Tipping," and Private School Enrollment

Charles T. Clotfelter
The Journal of Human Resources
Vol. 11, No. 1 (Winter, 1976), pp. 28-50
DOI: 10.2307/145072
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/145072
Page Count: 23
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School Desegregation, "Tipping," and Private School Enrollment
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Abstract

This paper examines the role of school desegregation in the demand for private school enrollment by whites. A model is presented that emphasizes the interdependence of whites' private enrollment decisions and introduces the possibility of "tipping points" in white flight from public schools. In order to assess the importance of racial composition on white private school enrollment, data from two samples are analyzed. This empirical analysis supports the hypothesis that desegregatioin has a significant effect on private school enrollment and that this effect is greater in districts with high proportions of nonwhites.

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