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Changes in AFDC Tax Rates, 1967-1971
Robert M. Hutchens
The Journal of Human Resources
Vol. 13, No. 1 (Winter, 1978), pp. 60-74
Published by: University of Wisconsin Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/145301
Page Count: 15
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Tax rates, Net income, Public assistance programs, Tax payments, Marginal tax rate, Estimation bias, Truncation, Human resources, Estimated taxes, Itemized deductions
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This paper presents new measures of the implicit marginal tax rate on earnings in the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program. Previous measures suffer from two types of bias. First, they do not adequately control for nonlinear relationships between AFDC payments and earnings. Second, they are estimated in truncated samples. Through explicit consideration of the AFDC payment formula, methods are devised for eliminating both biases. Using these methods, new estimates of AFDC tax rates are obtained for 1967 and 1971. The data reveal that while federal policy caused tax rates to decline in most states, some states counteracted the federal initiative by altering AFDC program parameters.
The Journal of Human Resources © 1978 Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System