Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support

Call and Response: European Jewish Emigration to Egypt and Palestine in the Middle Ages

Alexandra Cuffel
The Jewish Quarterly Review
Vol. 90, No. 1/2 (Jul. - Oct., 1999), pp. 61-101
DOI: 10.2307/1455396
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1455396
Page Count: 41
  • Read Online (Free)
  • Download ($12.00)
  • Cite this Item
If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support
Call and Response: European Jewish Emigration to Egypt and Palestine in the Middle Ages
Preview not available

Abstract

In explaining the 13th-century emigration of French Jews to Palestine scholars have posited a number of factors: economic hardship, messianic expectation, and a desire to fulfill the miṣvot specific to the land of Israel. Because of the types of sources available, scholars have tended to focus on rabbis who settled in the Middle East. Some have even argued that only rabbis and individuals connected with a rabbi's household participated in the ʿaliyah. However, Cairo Geniza material reveals the role of non-rabbinic figures and minor scholars, in addition to that of the French rabbis. For some emigrants to the Middle East, we have no indication why they left their homeland. For others, Ephraim Kanarfogel's hypothesis that the rabbis wished to fulfill extra miṣvot seems correct. It can be further shown that this desire stemmed from European Jewish messianic theology. The unsuccessful attempts of the Muslims and Christians to dwell in the Holy Land were seen as signs of God's promises to reserve and restore the land to Jewish rule. Certain north European Jews seem to have attempted to hasten this prophesied event by settling in the Holy Land, in contrast to most of their south European coreligionists. Ultimately, however, only further research and the discovery of more documentation can answer questions about the motivation and influence of medieval European Jews in Egypt and Palastine.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
[61]
    [61]
  • Thumbnail: Page 
62
    62
  • Thumbnail: Page 
63
    63
  • Thumbnail: Page 
64
    64
  • Thumbnail: Page 
65
    65
  • Thumbnail: Page 
66
    66
  • Thumbnail: Page 
67
    67
  • Thumbnail: Page 
68
    68
  • Thumbnail: Page 
69
    69
  • Thumbnail: Page 
70
    70
  • Thumbnail: Page 
71
    71
  • Thumbnail: Page 
72
    72
  • Thumbnail: Page 
73
    73
  • Thumbnail: Page 
74
    74
  • Thumbnail: Page 
75
    75
  • Thumbnail: Page 
76
    76
  • Thumbnail: Page 
77
    77
  • Thumbnail: Page 
78
    78
  • Thumbnail: Page 
79
    79
  • Thumbnail: Page 
80
    80
  • Thumbnail: Page 
81
    81
  • Thumbnail: Page 
82
    82
  • Thumbnail: Page 
83
    83
  • Thumbnail: Page 
84
    84
  • Thumbnail: Page 
85
    85
  • Thumbnail: Page 
86
    86
  • Thumbnail: Page 
87
    87
  • Thumbnail: Page 
88
    88
  • Thumbnail: Page 
89
    89
  • Thumbnail: Page 
90
    90
  • Thumbnail: Page 
91
    91
  • Thumbnail: Page 
92
    92
  • Thumbnail: Page 
93
    93
  • Thumbnail: Page 
94
    94
  • Thumbnail: Page 
95
    95
  • Thumbnail: Page 
96
    96
  • Thumbnail: Page 
97
    97
  • Thumbnail: Page 
98
    98
  • Thumbnail: Page 
99
    99
  • Thumbnail: Page 
100
    100
  • Thumbnail: Page 
101
    101