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The Impact of Unionization on Male-Female Earnings Differences in Canada

Denise J. Doiron and W. Craig Riddell
The Journal of Human Resources
Vol. 29, No. 2, Special Issue: Women's Work, Wages, and Well-Being (Spring, 1994), pp. 504-534
DOI: 10.2307/146108
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/146108
Page Count: 31
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Impact of Unionization on Male-Female Earnings Differences in Canada
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Abstract

The impact of unionization on male-female earnings differences in Canada is analyzed using data spanning 1981 to 1988, a period in which the male-female unionization gap narrowed considerably. Gender differences in union density, union wages, and nonunion wages are decomposed into characteristics-related and discriminatory components. We find that the drop in the gender unionization gap prevented an increase of 7 percent in the overall wage differential between men and women. Also, male-female earnings differences in the nonunion sector make a substantially larger contribution to the gender earnings gap than do those in the union sector.

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