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Variability of Entrainment of Cohesive Sediments in Freshwater

Sally MacIntyre, Wilbert Lick and Cheng Han Tsai
Biogeochemistry
Vol. 9, No. 3 (Apr., 1990), pp. 187-209
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1468710
Page Count: 23
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Variability of Entrainment of Cohesive Sediments in Freshwater
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Abstract

Estimates of sediment entrainment are required for models of particle transport in lakes and estuaries but are difficult to make because of the multiplicity of factors affecting cohesiveness of surficial sediments. We present results of sediment resuspension studies performed in an annular flume calibrated with laser-Doppler velocimetry. In our experiments, using sediments collected from two sites in the R. Raisin which flows into L. Erie and from one site in the western basin of L. Erie near the mouth of the R. Raisin, we applied shear stresses at the sediment-water interface in steps from 2 to 12 dyne/cm2. Percent water content at the surface of the sediments was either 77 or 74%, and trials were run with and without oxygenating the water overlying the sediments. Entrainment rates as a function of shear stress at the sediment-water interface were best described by a power-law relationship. All but 14% of the variability in the power law expression was due to shear stress and percent water content; the variability not accounted for was due to differences in particle size distributions, chemical properties, and biological activity in the sediments.

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