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Fluorescence and Amino Acid Characteristics of Molecular Size Fractions of DOM in the Waters of Lake Biwa

F. C. Wu, E. Tanoue and C. Q. Liu
Biogeochemistry
Vol. 65, No. 2 (Sep., 2003), pp. 245-257
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1469855
Page Count: 13
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Fluorescence and Amino Acid Characteristics of Molecular Size Fractions of DOM in the Waters of Lake Biwa
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Abstract

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the waters from Lake Biwa, Japan was fractionated using tangential flow ultrafiltration, and subsequently characterized by fluorescence properties and amino acids. While major dissolved organic carbon (DOC), UV absorbance (Abs), humic-like fluorescence (Flu) and total hydrolyzed amino acids (THAA) occurred in the less than 5 kDa molecular size fraction, they were not evenly distributed among various molecular size fractions. Flu/Abs ratios increased, and THAA/DOC ratios decreased with decreasing molecular size. Humic-like fluorescence occurred in all molecular size fractions, but protein-like fluorescence only occurred in the 0.1 μm-GF/F fraction. Subtle differences in amino acid compositions (both individuals and functional groups) were observed between various molecular size fractions, this may indicate the occurrence of DOM degradation from higher to lower molecular weight. The results reported here have significance for further understanding the sources and nature of DOM in aquatic environments.

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