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The author describes the meanings of the words "trionfo" and "trionfare" in folk texts, from written and oral tradition, showing that they are regularly and exclusively connected with the language of the underworld, beggars and vagabonds, both in the meaning "victory", "to win" and "banquet", "having a good time at table". Referring to ethnography, literature and language history, the author draws a profile of these words from the Renaissance carnivals to the chapbooks with the "cuccagna" tales, and from the latter to picaresque literature and the modern folk songs of migrant workers, until the final result in the Italian workers' hymn, "Bandiera Rossa".
La Ricerca Folklorica © 1989 Grafo Spa