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Journal Article

The Reliability and Validity of the 'Smiley' Scale

Julie Davies and Ivy Brember
British Educational Research Journal
Vol. 20, No. 4 (1994), pp. 447-454
Published by: Wiley on behalf of BERA
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1500790
Page Count: 8
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The Reliability and Validity of the 'Smiley' Scale
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Abstract

The 'Smiley' scale was devised to measure primary school children's attitudes to school as part of the Junior School Project by the Inner London Education Authority in 1986. It appeared potentially useful, in both content and format, for our purpose. It was found that no reliability or validity study had been carried out on it. To rectify this, one was done. Internal consistency reliability was found to be satisfactory when tested on 641 Year 2 and 585 Year 6 children. Test-retest reliability was considered by readministering the scale to 172 Year 2 and 155 Year 6 children after a 1 week interval. The Year 6 children showed more consistency in their responses than the Year 2 children. The correlation coefficients of the totals on the two occasions were 0.71 and 0.87 respectively. The validity of 172 Year 2 and 167 Year 6 children's responses was tested by comparing them to the teachers' perceptions of the children's attitudes using the 'Smiley' scale. Results showed very few significant correlations between the children's and teachers' responses for the Year 2 children although there were more significant correlations for the Year 6 children. This may be due to teachers' lack of awareness of children's attitudes to school.

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