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A Review of Human Disturbance Effects on Nesting Colonial Waterbirds
Karen M. Carney and William J. Sydeman
Waterbirds: The International Journal of Waterbird Biology
Vol. 22, No. 1 (1999), pp. 68-79
Published by: Waterbird Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1521995
Page Count: 12
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We reviewed 64 published investigations concerning effects of human disturbance on nesting colonial waterbirds. We summarized and reviewed articles, based on taxonomy, examining investigator, ecotourist, recreator, watercraft, and aircraft activity effects on physiology, reproductive behavior, reproductive success, and population trends of waterbirds. Though most studies found significant negative effects, taking careful measures minimized impact on some species. Guidelines for minimizing investigator and visitor disturbance are outlined. Little practical information for visitor management is available. Increasing pressure from the ecotourism industry to visit waterbird colonies makes research that develops scientifically-defensible tourism policies imperative.
Waterbirds: The International Journal of Waterbird Biology © 1999 Waterbird Society