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Social and Reproductive Relationships of Captive Caribbean Flamingos

Peter W. Shannon
Waterbirds: The International Journal of Waterbird Biology
Vol. 23, Special Publication 1: Conservation Biology of Flamingos (2000), pp. 173-178
Published by: Waterbird Society
DOI: 10.2307/1522162
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1522162
Page Count: 6
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Social and Reproductive Relationships of Captive Caribbean Flamingos
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Abstract

Flamingos reproduce with some regularity in captivity. Although birds tend to be monogamous when selecting a nest site, incubating, and rearing chicks, extra-pair copulations are common. Over 13 years, a captive breeding flock of Caribbean Flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber ruber) at the Audubon Park Zoo in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, was studied to document formation and longevity of pair bonds, mate fidelity, pair separation, and how fluid relationships related to promiscuity. Notes were taken on a daily basis during the breeding season and included observations on pairings, copulations, selection and defense of nest-sites, and chick rearing. Associations outside the breeding season also were followed. Some birds remained faithful to a single partner throughout the study period, whereas others changed partners several times. Trios or quartets tended to form among small social groups of birds that regularly traded partners within the groups. Extra-pair copulations occurred both within and outside the social groups. /// Los flamencos se reproducen con cierta regularidad en cautiverio. Si bien tienden a ser monógamos cuando están seleccionando su sitio de nidificación, durante la incubación y la cría de pollos, las copulaciones con individuos fuera de la pareja son comunes. El grupo de flamencos caribeños (Phoenicopterus ruber ruber) que reproduce regularmente, en cautiverio en el Audubon Park Zoo de Nueva Orleans, Louisiana, EE.UU, fue estudiado durante 13 años para documentar la formación del vínculo de la pareja y su duración, la fidelidad de pareja, la separación de pareja y cómo las relaciones fluidas estaban relacionadas a la promiscuidad. Se tomaron notas diariamente durante la temporada de reproducción que incluyeron observaciones sobre formación de parejas, copulaciones, selección y defensa de sitios de nidificación, y la cría de pollos. Las asociaciones fuera de la temporada de reproducción también fueron seguidas. Algunos individuos se mantuvieron fieles a una pareja durante el período completo del estudio mientras que otros cambiaron de pareja varias veces. Tendieron a formarse grupos sociales pequeños de 3 y 4 individuos y estos individuos cambiaron de pareja regularmente dentro del grupo. Copulaciones fuera de la pareja ocurrieron tanto con individuos dentro como fuera de los grupos sociales.

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