Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If You Use a Screen Reader

This content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.

L'observation démographique des milieux nomades. L'enquête de Mauritanie

Jacques Brenez
Population (French Edition)
Vol. 26, No. 4 (Jul. - Aug., 1971), pp. 721-736
DOI: 10.2307/1529860
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1529860
Page Count: 16
  • Read Online (Free)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
L'observation démographique des milieux nomades. L'enquête de Mauritanie
Preview not available

Abstract

L'étude démographique des populations nomades présente des difficultés particulières. Qu'il s'agisse de recensements ou de sondages, elle est inséparable de la connaissance des mœurs et attitudes de ces populations. Après une première tentative statistique sur des populations nomades du nord du Niger de 1962 à 1964, l'enquête de Mauritanie en 1965 a permis pour la première fois, dans les pays africains francophones, l'observation scientifique à l'échelle nationale de ce type de milieu. M. Jacques Brenez, chargé de recherches à la S.E.D.E.S., qui a mené cette enquête si difficile, en présente ici la méthode et les principaux résultats. /// The mobility of populations, even accidental or momentary, has always proved an obstacle to censuses. For that reason, nomadism has so far discouraged any attempt of demographers. Incomplete estimates were made in various areas but, for the first time, a thorough survey among nomads was conducted in a French-speaking African country: Mauritania. J. Brenez describes here the method and gives the main results. The birth-rate is about 42 ‰. Because of later marriages, the mean complete fertility of nomadic women (4.4) is a little lower than that of women in the sedentary area (5.1). The divorce rate runs high. Mortality is very close to 25 ‰ and life expectancy at birth is 36 years. Very few children attend school. In 1985, the whole Mauritanian population might range between 1 400 000 and 1 700 000 inhabitants. /// Accidental o transitoria, la mobilidad de las poblaciones ha sido siempre un obstáculo para los censos. Por este motivo, el nomadismo ha desalentado a los demógrafos. Se hicieron tentativas incompletas en varias regiones pero, por primera vez en los países africanos donde se habla francés, una encuesta ha sido conducida entre los nómades de Mauritania. J. Brenez describe aquí el método y da los primeros resultados. La tasa de natalidad alcanza 42 ‰. Porque se casan más tarde, las mujeres nomades tienen, en término medio, menos hijos (4,4) que las mujeres sedentarias. (5,1). Los divorcios son frecuentes. La tasa de mortalidad, vecina del 25 ‰, corresponde a una expectativa de vida al nacer de 36 años. Pocos niños van a la escuela. Se estima que, en 1985, la población total de Mauritania podría alcanzar de 1 400 000 a 1 700 000 habitantes según las hipótesis.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
[721]
    [721]
  • Thumbnail: Page 
722
    722
  • Thumbnail: Page 
723
    723
  • Thumbnail: Page 
724
    724
  • Thumbnail: Page 
725
    725
  • Thumbnail: Page 
726
    726
  • Thumbnail: Page 
727
    727
  • Thumbnail: Page 
728
    728
  • Thumbnail: Page 
729
    729
  • Thumbnail: Page 
730
    730
  • Thumbnail: Page 
731
    731
  • Thumbnail: Page 
732
    732
  • Thumbnail: Page 
733
    733
  • Thumbnail: Page 
734
    734
  • Thumbnail: Page 
735
    735
  • Thumbnail: Page 
736
    736