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Glacier Margin Fluctuations during the 19th and 20th Centuries in the Íkamiut Kangerdluarssuat Area, West Greenland

John E. Gordon
Arctic and Alpine Research
Vol. 13, No. 1 (Feb., 1981), pp. 47-62
DOI: 10.2307/1550625
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1550625
Page Count: 16
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Glacier Margin Fluctuations during the 19th and 20th Centuries in the Íkamiut Kangerdluarssuat Area, West Greenland
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Abstract

Lichenometric dating suggests that the maximum recent extent of cirque and small valley glaciers occurred before about A.D. 1850, although there is evidence for more extensive valley glacierization before about A.D. 1745. Between about 1850 and about 1968/69 progressive recession of the glaciers was interrupted by brief periods of reactivation during the 1880s, 1920s, and early 1940s. Since about 1968/69 the glacier fronts have advanced by up to 158 m following a marked climatic recession during the 1960s and early 1970s. In general, fluctuations of the glaciers have been in sympathy with prevailing climatic trends and show a relatively rapid response following temperature changes and a lagged response of at least 9 yr following precipitation changes. Fluctuations of larger valley and icefield outlet glaciers are out of phase with the others which may reflect a greater time lag of 20 to 30 yr in their response to precipitation changes.

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