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Relationships among Genera in Saniculoideae and Selected Apioideae (Umbelliferae) Inferred from nrITS Sequences

Carmen M. Valiejo-Roman, Elena I. Terentieva, Tagir H. Samigullin and Michael G. Pimenov
Taxon
Vol. 51, No. 1 (Feb., 2002), pp. 91-101
DOI: 10.2307/1554966
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1554966
Page Count: 11
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Relationships among Genera in Saniculoideae and Selected Apioideae (Umbelliferae) Inferred from nrITS Sequences
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Abstract

The internal transcribed spacers (ITS1 and ITS2) of 18S-26S nuclear ribosomal DNA were newly sequenced for eight species of Umbelliferae (six species from subfamily Saniculoideae: Actinolema macrolema, Astrantia minor, Eryngium giganteum, E. coeruleum, Hacquetia epipactis, and Lagoecia cuminoides, two species from subfamily Hydrocotyloideae: Dickinsia hydrocotyloides and Azorella trifurcata), as well as Hohenackeria exscapa, a species of uncertain position in the family. Phylogenetic analyses of new data, plus previously reported sequences of 52 other species using neighbor-joining, maximum parsimony, and maximum likelihood methods yielded similar results: (1) Actinolema is sister to Astrantia corresponding to Drude's treatments; (2) in Astrantia, molecular divergence is revealed between sects. Astrantiella (A. minor) and Astrantia (A. major, A. maxima); (3) Eryngium appears to be paraphyletic; (4) Hacquetia might be treated as a part of Sanicula; and (5) Lagoecia is very distant from all other Saniculoideae and close to some genera of Apioideae. Our results correspond to matK data previously published: (1) Hohenackeria forms a clade with Bupleurum, in a position near the base of the Apioideae tree; (2) Azorella is sister to a large cluster uniting all Saniculoideae and Apioideae, being slightly closer to them than to the Hydrocotyle-Araliaceae clade; (3) Dickinsia is very distant from phenetically similar Hydrocotyle, falling within a large cluster of Apioideae, but also including Lagoecia and Naufraga.

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