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Comparing Business and Public Interest Associability at the International Level

Aynsley Kellow
International Political Science Review / Revue internationale de science politique
Vol. 23, No. 2, Toward Global Democracy? The Role of Parties and NGOs in International Politics. Partis, ONGs, et politique planétaire (Apr., 2002), pp. 175-186
Published by: Sage Publications, Ltd.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1601255
Page Count: 12
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Comparing Business and Public Interest Associability at the International Level
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Abstract

The increasing importance of globalization has made representation in international arenas more important. Yet key factors affecting associability of business and public interest groups at that level are markedly different from those which apply at the level of the nation-state. This article will argue that the "privileged position of business" does not obtain at the transnational level, and that business frequently prefers the national route. NGOs, on the other hand, enjoy greater influence internationally than they do at the national level, essentially because of the ways in which they can assist international organizations to overcome their governance deficits. Examining sectors such as chemicals and biotechnology, this article explores the factors affecting associability at the international level and suggests some consequences which follow from these observations for the development of policy in international arenas. /// L'impact grandissant de la mondialisation ayant accru l'importance de la représentation au niveau international, les facteurs qui affectent les liens entre le monde des affaires et les groupes représentant l'intérêt public sont devenus fort différents au niveau international et au niveau national. La situation "privilégiée" dont jouit le monde des affaires au niveau national ne se retrouve pas au niveau international. Il en résulte que les sociétés et entreprises préfèrent agir au niveau national, alors que les ONGs ont davantage d'influence au niveau international où elles aident les institutions internationales à combler leur déficit de gouvernance. L'auteur examine le secteur des produits chimiques et celui de la biotechnologie, et en tire les leçons qui s'imposent concernant la formulation de politiques au niveau international.

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