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La judicialisation de la politique en France

Jacqueline Lucienne Lafon
International Political Science Review / Revue internationale de science politique
Vol. 15, No. 2, The Judicialization of Politics. La judicialisation de la politique (Apr., 1994), pp. 135-142
Published by: Sage Publications, Ltd.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1601561
Page Count: 8
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La judicialisation de la politique en France
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Abstract

En France où le principe de la séparation des pouvoirs fut affirmé avec éclat en 1789, il paraissait peu probable que le phénomène de la judicialisation de la politique se produirait. La doctrine classique critiqua vivement l'idée d'une jurisprudence créatrice de droit. Pourtant, force est de constater qu'elle se développa dans toutes les branches du droit. Deux exemples marquent plus particulièrement par leur évolution antinomique: la jurisprudence civile se greffa sur le Code civil de 1804 alors que la jurisprudence administrative surgit ex nihilo. Avec les années, un équilibre semble atteint entre sources législatives et jurisprudentielles. /// It seemed unlikely that judicialization of politics would occur in France where the principle of separation of powers was so forcefully proclaimed in 1789. Yet, notwithstanding its condemnation by classical theory, judicialization has characterized all forms of law. Two examples show clearly the evolution that has taken place. In civil law, judicialization has been grafted on the code of 1804, while administrative law, which appeared ex nihilo, is being increasingly codified. A balance appears to have been reached between legislation and jurisprudence.

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