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Journal Article

Gender, Postmaterialism, and Feminism in Comparative Perspective

Bernadette C. Hayes, Ian McAllister and Donley T. Studlar
International Political Science Review / Revue internationale de science politique
Vol. 21, No. 4, Women, Citizenship, and Representation. Femmes, citoyenneté et représentation (Oct., 2000), pp. 425-439
Published by: Sage Publications, Ltd.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1601597
Page Count: 15
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Gender, Postmaterialism, and Feminism in Comparative Perspective
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Abstract

Value change and the feminist movement represent two major shifts in mass political orientations and behavior in the late twentieth century. Yet we know little about how these two fundamental changes relate to one another. This article addresses this question by analyzing the relationship between postmaterialist values and feminism among 13 advanced industrial democracies, using the 1990-91 World Values Survey. The results suggest that both gender and postmaterialist values are associated with feminism: women and those who adopt a postmaterialist stance are notably more likely to endorse feminist beliefs compared to men or materialists. Religion also plays a major role, both in terms of individual religious self-identity, and in terms of the religious culture of the country in question. The relations among gender, postmaterialism, and feminism are complex and deserve more careful analysis. /// En cette fin de siècle, deux forces majeures sont venues transformer les opinions et les comportements de l'électorat, soit l'avènement de nouveaux courants d'idées et le mouvement féministe. Paradoxalement, nous en savons peu sur les relations que ces forces entretiennent entre elles. C'est à l'étude de cette lacune que l'article se consacre. S'appuyant sur le World Values Survey de 1990-1991, Bernadette Hayes, Ian McAllister et Donley T. Studlar étudient les relations entre valeurs post-matérialistes et féminisme dans treize démocraties industrielles avancées. Les résultats montrent que le genre et les valeurs post-matérialistes sont associés au féminisme: les femmes et les personnes qui endossent une position post-matérialiste sont significativement plus à même de soutenir les idées féministes que ce n'est le cas des hommes ou des personnes matérialistes. La religion (qu'il s'agisse de l'identité religieuse d'une personne ou de la culture religieuse d'un pays) joue aussi un rôle important dans cette dynamique. Les relations entre le genre, le post-matérialisme et le féminisme sont complexes et méritent plus d'attention.

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