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Entheogens and Existential Intelligence: The Use of Plant Teachers as Cognitive Tools

Kenneth W. Tupper
Canadian Journal of Education / Revue canadienne de l'éducation
Vol. 27, No. 4 (2002), pp. 499-516
DOI: 10.2307/1602247
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1602247
Page Count: 18
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Entheogens and Existential Intelligence: The Use of Plant Teachers as Cognitive Tools
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Abstract

In light of recent specific liberalizations in drug laws in some countries, I have investigated the potential of entheogens (i.e., psychoactive plants used as spiritual sacraments) as tools to facilitate existential intelligence. "Plant teachers" from the Americas such as ayahuasca, psilocybin mushrooms, and peyote, and the Indo-Aryan soma of Eurasia, are examples of entheogens that have been used used in both the past and present. These have all been revered as spiritual or cognitive tools to provide a richer cosmological understanding of the world for both individuals and cultures. I used Gardner's (1999a) revised multiple intelligence theory and his postulation of an "existential" intelligence as a theoretical lens through which to account for the cognitive possibilities of entheogens and explore potential ramifications for education. /// À la lumière des libéralisations récentes des lois sur les drogues dans certains pays, l'auteur a étudié le potentiel des enthéogènes (des plantes psychoactives utilisées comme sacrements spirituels) comme outils favorisant l'intelligence existentielle. Ces " phytomaîtres " des Amériques, comme l'aya-huasca, les champignons de psilocybine et le peyolt, ainsi que le soma indo-aryen de l'Eurasie sont des exemples d'enthéogènes utilisés dans le passé et de nos jours et vénérés par des particuliers et diverses cultures comme des outils spirituels ou cognitifs permettant d'accéder à une compréhension plus riche du cosmos. L'auteur a utilisé la théorie révisée de l'intelligence multiple de Gardner (1999a) et à son postulat au sujet d'une intelligence " existentielle " comme une lentille théorique pouvant expliquer les possibilités cognitives des enthéogènes et servir à explorer des ramifications potentielles pour l'éducation.

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