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Inhibition of IκB-α Phosphorylation and Degradation and Subsequent NF-κB Activation by Glutathione Peroxidase Overexpression

Carole Kretz-Remy, Patrick Mehlen, Marc-Edouard Mirault and André-Patrick Arrigo
The Journal of Cell Biology
Vol. 133, No. 5 (Jun., 1996), pp. 1083-1093
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1617486
Page Count: 11
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Inhibition of IκB-α Phosphorylation and Degradation and Subsequent NF-κB Activation by Glutathione Peroxidase Overexpression
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Abstract

We report here that both κB-dependent transactivation of a reporter gene and NF-κB activation in response to tumor necrosis factor (TNFα) or H2O2 treatments are deficient in human T47D cell transfectants that overexpress seleno-glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx). These cells feature low reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and decreased intracellular ROS burst in response to TNFα treatment. Decreased ROS levels and NF-κB activation were likely to result from GSHPx increment since these phenomena were no longer observed when GSHPx activity was reduced by selenium depletion. The cellular contents of the two NF-κB subunits (p65 and p50) and of the inhibitory subunit IκB-α were unaffected by GSHPx overexpression, suggesting that increased GSHPx activity interfered with the activation, but not the synthesis or stability, of NF-κB. Nuclear translocation of NF-κB as well as IκB-α degradation were inhibited in GSHPx-overexpressing cells exposed to oxidative stress. Moreover, in control T47D cells exposed to TNFα, a time correlation was observed between elevated ROS levels and IκB-α degradation. We also show that, in growing T47D cells, GSHPx overexpression altered the isoform composition of IκB-α, leading to the accumulation of the more basic isoform of this protein. GSHPx overexpression also abolished the TNFα-mediated transient accumulation of the acidic and highly phosphorylated IκB-α isoform. These results suggest that intracellular ROS are key elements that regulate the phosphorylation of IκB-α, a phenomenon that precedes and controls the degradation of this protein, and then NF-κB activation.

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